June

 

June 1

1797 – The Legislature of Upper Canada met at York for the first time.
1813 – H.M.S. Shannon captured the U.S.S. Chesapeake and took it to Halifax.
1831 – Sir James Ross discovered the position of the North Magnetic Pole.
1873 – Joseph Howe, Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, died.
1876 – Royal Military College opened at Kingston, Ontario.
1882 – Gas lighting was introduced in Winnipeg.
1909 – Governor-General Lord Grey donated the Grey Cup to Canadian football.
1916 – Manitoba adopted prohibition.
1927 – William Phillips, the first United States Minister to Canada, arrived at Ottawa, Ontario.

 

June 2

1622 – William Alexander, founder of the Baronets of Nova Scotia, sent colonists from Scotland to Acadia.
1755 – A New England Force attacked Fort Beausejour near the present boundary between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.
1800 – The Legislature of Upper Canada opened the session that introduced the British Criminal Law.
1847 – John A. Macdonald was made a cabinet minister.
1889 – The C.P.R. opened a railway through Maine, between Montreal and Saint John.
1915 – The government appointed a committee to enquire into war purchases.
1953 – Queen Elizabeth II was crowned.
1954 – Dr. C. J. Mackenzie of the Atomic Energy Control Board was awarded the Kelvin medal for outstanding service. He was the second Canadian to be so honoured.

 

June 3

1668 – Groseilliers sailed from England in Nonsuch, on a voyage that led to the corming of the Hudson’s Bay Company.
1672 – Governor Frontenac left on a trip similar to Courcelles’ and built Fort Frontenac at Cataraqui (now Kingston, Ontario)
1778 – First issue of the Montreal Gazette (Gazette Litteraire) was published.
1799 – The Island of St. John was proclaimed as Prince Edward Island.
1870 – A delegation from British Columbia arrived at Ottawa to discuss a proposal to enter Confederation.
1889 – The first C.P.R. train arrived at Halifax.
1909 – W. L. Mackenzie King became Canada’s first Minister of Labour.
1918 – An airmail service was inaugurated between Montreal, Boston, and New York.

 

June 4

1613 – Champlain reached the site of the present city of Ottawa during his expedition to find a route to the Pacific.
1760 – Twenty-two ships with New England planters aboard arrived in Nova Scotia to replace the Acadians.
1843 – Victoria, British Columbia, was founded.
1866 – Fenians raided Quebec from St. Albans, Vermont; they retreated after causing considerable damage.
1917 – Prime Minister Borden told Sir Wilfrid Laurier he could choose the members of the cabinet if he joined a Union government.

 

June 5

1673 – A Royal decree regulated the activities of the couriers de bois.
1792 – Galiano and Valdez of Spain explored the coast of British Columbia and met Captain Vancouver.
1817 – The steamship Frontenac, the first on the Great Lakes, made the trip from Kingson to York.
1832 – Montreal and Quebec were incorporated as cities.
1854 – The Elgin-Marcy Agreement established reciprocity between Canada and the United States.
1876 – Manitoba abolished its legislative council.
1876 – The first session of the Supreme Court of Canada was held.
1940 – Nazi, Fascist and Communist groups were declared illegal in Canada.

 

June 6

1821 – The cornerstone of the Montreal General Hospital was laid.
1834 – Lord Selkirk’s heirs returned his territory to the Hudson’s Bay Company for shares worth 15,000 monetary pounds)
1891 – Sir John A. Macdonald died.
1929 – The Liberals were defeated in Saskatchewan for the first time in the history of the province.
1944 – Alied forces invaded France on D-Day.

 

June 7

1904 – Lord Dundonald was dismissed as commander-in-chief of forces in Canada for criticizing the minister of Militia. This ended the practice of having Imperial officers command forces in Canada.
1887 – Sir Wilfrid Laurier was elected leader of the Liberal party. The Liberals were in opposition then, but he won a general election in 1896 by opposing the Roman Catholic church (even though he was himself a devout Catholic) over the Manitoba separate schools question.
1886 – Archbishop Taschereau was made the first Canadian Cardinal.
1870 – The first General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of Canada was held.
1819 – The fourth session of the Seventh Parliament opened. Legislation included a validity act for married women.
1677 – La Durantaye claimed the Lake Huron-Lake Erie area for France.
1585 – John Davis made his first voyage to Davis Strait.
1576 – Martin Frobisher began his first voyage to Baffin Land.

 

June 8

1963 – Prime Minister Pearson and American Ambassador Butterworth attended the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Stoney Creek.
1866 – Parliament began its last session as the Province of Canada. The next session would be as the new Dominion.
1859 – Governor Douglas established the Supreme Court of British Columbia.
1832 – The ship Carrick from Dublin arrived at Quebec with half its passengers dead from cholera.
1824 – Quebecker Noah Cushing obtained a patent for a washing machine.
1790 – King’s College opened its doors in Windsor, Nova Scotia.
1789 – Spaniards seized Meares’ vessel North West America at Nootka, Vancouver Island.
1731 – La Verendrye and party left Montreal to explore the west.

 

June 9

1946 – William Lyon Mackenzie King established a record for the longest service as Prime Minister of Canada.
1846 – A bad fire at St. John’s, Newfoundland, destroyed 2,000 homes.
1841 – The legislative council held its first meeting at Kingston.
1829 – The first public temperance meeting in Canada took place at Montreal, Quebec
1790 – David Thompson began a survey of the Saskatchewan River to Hudson Bay.
1775 – Governor Carleton declared martial law due to the American Revolutionary War.

 

June 10

1963 – Three men were identified as leaders of the Quebec Freedom League that had been bombing installations.
1957 – Conservatives won the general election with 112 seats, Liberals 105 seats, Co-operative Commonwealth Federalism (C.C.F.) 25 seats, and Social Credit 19 seats.
1947 – United States’ President Truman arrived in Ottawa, Ontario for a state visit until June 12.
1937 – Sir Robert Borden died.
1884 – Louis Riel left a school teaching job in Montana to return to the prairies to lead the rebellion.
1878 – Victoria, British Columbia, was fortified because of possible war with Russia.
1857 – A bill was passed which put Canada on the dollar system.
1837 – The Upper Canada Academy opened at Cobourg, Ontario.
1810 – The Halifax “old town clock” arrived on the H.M.S. Dart.
1650 – Jesuits abandoned the last mission raided by the Iroquois in the Huron country.

 

June 11

1782 – William Black, the first Canadian Methodist minister, preached at Halifax.
1815 – Duncan Cameron of the Northwest Company attacked the Selkirk colony at Red River, Manitoba.
1863 – A legislative council was appointed for British Columbia.
1917 – Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden introduced the Conscription Act in Parliament.
1917 – The Canadian Board of Grain Commissioners was established in Saskatchewan.
1945 – The Liberals won the genereal election with 125 seats. The Conservatives had 67 and Co-operative Commonwealth Federation 28. It was Mackenzie King’s last election victory.

 

June 12

1631 – King Charles I agreed to return Quebec and Port Royal to France on receiving the remainder of the dowry of his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria.
1690 – Henry Kelsey left York Factory, Hudson Bay, to explore the west.
1710 – The Hudson’s Bay Company gave the widow of Pierre Radisson six English pounds as charity on his death.
1714 – The French settlement at Placentia, Newfoundland, surrendered to Colonel Moody.
1958 – Prime Minister Macmillan of Britain addressed a joint session of Parliament in Ottawa.

 

June 13

1611 – Champlain met Etienne Brule with the Hurons. Brule was the first white man to travel up the Ottawa River.
1673 – Cataraqui (Kingston, Ontario) was founded by La Salle.
1799 – The name “Prince Edward Island” was first used on an official document.
1818 – Richard Talbot sailed for Canada with 200 Irish settlers who founded St. Thomas, Ontario.
1853 – The Northern Railroad from Toronto to Bradford was the first in Canada on which a locomotive was used.
1895 – The Manitoba Legislature declined to alter the statues of schools.
1898 – Yukon territory was organized with Dawson as the capital.
1916 – The first express train of the Western National left Quebec for Winnipeg.

 

June 14

1610 – Champlain left Quebec to attack the Iroquois on the Richelieu River.
1776 – The retreat of American Generals Arnold and Sullivan marked the end of the invasion of Canada.
1864 – John A. Macdonald voted against Confederation.
1872 – The C.P.R. General Charter was passed, authorizing the construction of a transcontinental line by a private company.
1887 – The first C.P.R. steamer arrived at Vancouver from Japan.
1919 – Alcock and Brown flew on the first successful flight across the Atlantic from St. John’s, Newfoundland.

 

June 15

1616 – The first schools for Indians opened at Three Rivers and Tadoussac.
1636 – Governor Montmagny arrived at Quebec.
1676 – Inhabitants of Quebec were summonded to attend a meeting to fix the price of bread and make suggestions for the welfare of the community.
1815 – One hundred and forty (140) Selkirk colonists left the Red River for Upper Canada.
1875 – Various Presbyterian churches united as the Presbyterian Church of Canada.
1905 – Newfoundland prohibited the sale of bait to foreign vessels.
1915 – Canadian troops were in action at Givenchy, France.
1944 – The Co-operative Commonwealth Federation Party won in Saskatchewan for the first time.
1962 – The first Canadian space vehicle was launced at Wallops Island, Virginia.

 

June 16

1659 – Francois-Xavier Laval-Montmorency arrived at Quebec as the Bishop of Petraea in the Holy Land. Canada did not have a bishop.
1890 – Newfoundland ordered a railway from Placentia to Hall’s Bay – 421 km (262 miles).
1891 – Sir John Abbott succeeded Sir John A. Macdonald as Prime Minister.
1892 – The Edmonton Bulletin reported an indication of oil in Alberta.

 

June 17

1616 – The Avalon Peninsula, Newfoundland, was sold to Sir William Vaughan who founded a Welsh colony at Trepassey Harbor.
1673 – Joliet and Marquette discovered the Mississippi River.
1753 – Lunenburg, Nova Scotia, was settled by Germans from Halifax.
1869 – Anthony Musgrave, former Governor of Newfoundland, was appointed Governor of British Columbia.
1919 – Winnipeg strike leaders were arrested.
1958 – The second Narrows Bridge collapsed while being built at Vancouver, British Columbia.
1962 – Six buildings were gutted by fire during a riot at the St. Vincent de Paul penitentiary.

 

June 18

1686 – Iberville took Moose Factory, Hudson Bay.
1822 – A Boundary Commission established the border along the St. Lawrence and through the Great Lakes.
1846 – William Henry Draper formed a ministry with Louis Joseph Papineau. Papineau returned to Canada in 1845 after being condemed to death as a rebel in 1838.
1846 – The first telegraph system was opened between Toronto-Hamilton-Niagara Falls.
1855 – The Sault Ste. Marie Canal was rebuilt. The original canal was built by the Northwest Company in 1797.
1871 – The British Columbia Legislature heard Canada’s terms for entering Confederation.
1956 – Queen Elizabeth Ii reviewed 300 holders of the Victoria Cross: 30 Canadians were among them.
1959 – Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip arrived in Newfoundland to begin a forty-five day tour of Canada.
1962 – A general election resulted in the return of 116 Conservatives, 99 Liberals, 30 Social Credit, and 19 New Democrats (NDP – New Democratic Party)

 

June 19

1610 – Champlain defeated the Iroquois near the mouth of the Richelieu River.
1687 – Champigny seized Indians at Fort Frontenac and sent them to France where they were made galley-slaves. This was one of the reasons for the emnity of the Iroquois towards the French.
1719 – Henry Kelsey left Hudson Bay to explore the west for the Hudson’s Bay Company and may have been the first white man to see herds of buffalo.
1897 – The Allan Steamship Company was formed at Montreal, Quebec.
1903 – Regina, Saskatchewan, was incorporated as a city.
1917 – Sir Arthur Currie succeeded Lord Byng as a commander-in-chief of Canadian forces in France.
1924 – Postal workers went on strike until June 29.
1964 – Canadian Lucien Rivard was arrested in Montreal on a charge of smuggling narcotics into the United States from Mexico.

 

June 20

1755 – Anthony Henday arrived at Fort Nelson after a trip to the Rockies.
1838 – The Brotherhood of Hunters tried to invade Canada at Short Hills, Upper Canada.
1875 – The University of Manitoba was established.
1877 – The first commercial telephone service in Canada began at Hamilton, Ontario.
1877 – Fire at Saint John, New Brunswick, destroyed 1,600 homes and caused $27 million damage.
1882 – The Conservatives under Sir John A. Macdonald won the general election.

 

June 21

1643 – Charles La Tour and his wife escaped from Fort La Tour and went to Boston to get help.
1749 – Halifax was founded after the arrival of 2,544 settlers from Britain.
1764 – The Quebec Gazette of Montreal was founded. It is the second oldest paper in Canada.
1793 – Alexander Mackenzie went down the Fraser River as far as Alexandria and turned back.
1946 – A national convention was held in Newfoundland to consider the future form of government.
1957 – The Liberal government under St. Laurent resigned after its defeat in the June 10 election.
1957 – John Diefenbaker formed the first Conservative government in twenty-two years, with Mrs. Ellen Fairclough as the first woman cabinet minister.

 

June 22

1603 – Champlain landed in Canada for the first time as both a historian and geographer for the Pontgrave expedition.
1611 – Henry Hudson was turned adrift by his mutinous crew.
1774 – The Quebec Act was passed.
1825 – The Imperial Canadian Trades and Tenures Act abolished feudal and seignioral rights.
1857 – The Canadian Rifles Regiment was sent to the Red River.

 

June 23

1713 – Queen Anne gave the Acadians one year to swear allegiance or leave the country.
1790 – Spanish Admiral Quimper claimed Vancouver Island for Spain.
1870 – An Imperial Order-in-Council made Manitoba a province and transferred Rupert’s Land and the Northwest Territories to Canada.
1896 – The Liberals won their first general election since 1874; Laurier defeated Tupper.
1923 – Manitoba voted for government control of liquor and repealed the Prohibition Act of 1916 by a narrow margin.
1940 – The Royal Canaadian Mounted Police patrol vessel St. Roch sailed from Vancouver for Halifax via the Northwest Passage. The trip took two years. The St. Rochis now on display at the marine museum in Vancouver.
1955 – The laying of the first transatlantic telephone cable started from Newfoundland.

 

June 24

1497 – John Cabot sighted the coast of North America. It might have been Newfoundland, Labrador, or Cape Breton.
1534 – Jacques Cartier discovered Prince Edward Island and landed at St. Peter’s Bay.
1604 – De Monts named the Saint John River, New Brunswick.
1610 – Henry Membertou, Micmac Chief, was baptized at Port Royal, Nova Scotia. It is believed that he was the first Indian to be baptized in Canada.
1610 – Henry Hudson entered the strait now called after him.
1789 – Martinez, at Nootka, claimed the area for Spain. He took four British ships.
1790 – Spain agreed to pay reparations for the above incident.
1807 – David Thompson arrived at the upper reaches of the Columbia River.
1880 – The music of O Canada was first played at Quebec. A convention invited all French-Speaking Canadians to unite; it was directed to the Acadians, but the proposal was rejected.
1890 – General Middleton resigned due to criticism that he had looted furs during the Northwest Rebellion.
1917 – A conscription bill was passed in the House of Commons.

 

June 25

1638 – The first astronomical event recorded in North America was a lunar eclipse. A lunar eclipse occurs when a full moon passes through the Earth’s shadow. Lunar eclipses, visible to the naked eye, gave astronomers information about the solar system long before telescopes existed. Aristotle even used a lunar eclipse to determine that the Earth is round.
1776 – Governor Carleton prohibited the sale of liquoir except by license.
1806 – Philemon Wright floated the first logs down the Ottawa River and founded a big lumber indistry.
1855 – The Great Western Railway placed the steamers Canada and America on Lake Ontario and operated a service between Hamilton and Oswego, New York.
1877 – Lord Dufferin arrived in Canada to be governor-general.
1927 – Prince Edward Island voted to continue prohibition of liquor rather than have government control as adoped by other provinces.
1930 – Charles Kingsford-Smith and three companions flew from Ireland to Harbor Grace, Newfoundland, in 31-1/2 hours.
1957 – The former Conservative leader George Drew was appointed Canadian High Commissioner to Britain.
1961 – J. A. D. McCurdy, Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia, and the first man in the British Commonwealth to fly an aircraft, died.

 

June 26

1604 – De Monts and Pontgrave established the first settlement in Acadia, with Champlain as a member of the group.
1721 – The James Napper expedition to find the Northwest Passage sailed from Fort York, Hudson Bay, and was lost on June 30.
1754 – The Hudson’s Bay Company sent Anthony Henday west to combat French influence with the Indians. He was the first white man to see the Rockies.
1854 – Sir Robert Borden was born at Grand Pre, Nova Scotia.
1857 – The steamer Montreal caught fire and sank 24 km (15 miles) above Quebec, with the loss of 250 people, mostly Scottish and Norwegian settlers.
1873 – An Imperial Order-in-Council authorized Prince Edward Island to join Canada on July 1.
1947 – Lord Bennett, formerly Prime Minister R.B. Bennett, died in England where he had gone to live after resigning as leader of the Conservative Party.
1961 – Prime Minsiter Hyato Ikeda of Japan visited Ottawa.
1961 – Upper Canada Village was opened near Morrisburg, Ontario.

 

June 27

1689 – The inhabitants of Cochecco (now Dover, New Hampshire) were massacred by the French and Indians.
1772 – Matthew Cocking left Hudson Bay for a trip to the Saskatchewan River.
1792 – Prince Edward, Duke of Kent, stopped a racial riot at Quebec.
1825 – John Glat established the Canadian Land Company, buying 1,400,000 acres between Toronto and Lake Huron for settlement.
1922 – Jock Palmer attempted the first sanctioned airmail flight from Western Canada. He left Lethbridge but failed to get to Ottawa.
1949 – The Liberals under Prime Minister St. Laurent won the general election with 193 seats; the Conservaties won 41.

 

June 28

1776 – Governor Carleton obtained an oath of allegiance from 300 Iroquois at Montreal.
1829 – The Montreal Medical Institute became the Faculty of Medicine, McGill University.
1838 – An amnesty was granted to policical prisoners from the rebellions of 1837-1838. Some had been banished without trial but this was disallowed by Britain.
1846 – A fire at Quebec destroyed 1,300 homes; forty people were killed.
1847 – A Boundary Commission made a report on the boundaries of the St. Croix and St. Lawrence Rivers.
1886 – The first C.P.R. train left Montreal for Port Moody, British Columbia.
1925 – A reception was held at Ottawa for Field Marshal Earl Haig, British Commander-in-Chief during World War I.
1926 – The Liberal government under W.L. Mackenzie King resigned to avoid an adverse vote on a custsoms scandal.

 

June 29

1871 – The British North America Act was amended by Britain, and gave the Canadian Government the right to establish new provinces and alter boundaries.

 

June 30

1798 – Chippewa Indians traded St. Jodeph’s Island for Goods.
1812 – A proclamation gave American citizens fourteen days to leave Upper Canada.
1851 – Robert Baldwin, Upper Canada Reform leader, retired from public life.
1866 – New Brunswick voted for Confederation and the building of the Intercolonial Railway.
1948 – William Lyon Mackenzie King made his last speech in the House of Commons as Prime Minister.

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