September

September 1

1980 – Terry Fox is forced to abandon his Marathon of Hope after completing over 5.000 km in 135 days. Cancer had come back in his lungs.
1864 – Five delegates from each province of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island meet at the Charlottetown Conference to discuss union of British North America.
1994 – Paul Bernardo was found guilty and was sentenced to life in prison for the vicious murder of Leslie Mchaffy and Kristen French.
1994 – Quebec Provincial Police raided Chambly, Quebec and arrested over 100 people — including the city’s entire police force — on suspicion of smuggling, prostitution and racketeering.
1990 – The Canadian Army invaded the Mohawk reserve at Kanesatake, near Oka, Quebec, to end a stand-off.
1972 – Canadians Leslie Cliff and Bruce Robertson win Olympic Silver Medals in swimming: Robertson in the 100m butterfly, losing to Mark Spitz and Cliff in the 400m individual medley.
1972 – Arsonists are responsible for setting fire to the Blue Bird Club in Montreal, Quebec. 37 people died, and 54 were injured. It was the city’s worst fire since 1927.
1971 – British Columbia became the first Canadian province to ban tobacco advertising.
1966 – Canada’s first regular colour television programming came on the air.
1961 – Ontario Premier Leslie Frost brought out a 3% sales tax — it became known as the Frost Bite.
1951 – Author and women’s rights activist Nellie McClung dies. Her political activities started in Manitoba with the Women’s Christian Temperance Union. She began a successful writing career when she published her first novel in 1908, Sowing Seeds for Danny.
1944 – Second Division of the First Canadian Army liberates Dieppe, France.
1939 – As Nazi Germany invades Poland, William Lyon Mackenzie proclaims the War Measures Act, retroactive to August 25.
1928 – Manitoba brings into effect the Old Age Pension Act.
1919 – Edward, Prince of Wales (1894-1972) lays cornerstone of the Peace Tower on Parliament Hill.
1917 – In Toronto, Ontario, the Canadian Press is founded.
1905 – New arrivals into the Dominion: Alberta becomes the 8th and Saskatchewan becomes the 9th provinces.
1715 – King Louis XIV dies of gangrene. He was Canada’s King for 72 years — the longest in European history.
1557 – Explorer Jacques Cartier dies.

September 2

1988 – Prime Minster Brian Mulroney signs the Free Trade Agreement with U.S. President Ronald Reagan.
1961 – Canada’s first women bank managers were appointed, Toronto, Ontario.
1942 – Canada signs Declaration of Unity with 27 other countries.
1929 – Niagara Falls is preserved when Canada and the U.S. signs a treaty that limits amount of water used for hydro generation.
1908 – The Royal Mint of Canada is founded in Ottawa, Ontario.
1872 – The first telegraphed weather report shared between Canada and the United States.
1826 – Newfoundland establishes its first Supreme Court.

September 3

1979 – CFMT began broadcasting as the world’s first full-time multi-cultural TV station.
1989 – During the Canadian National Exhibition Air Show, 1 pilot is killed as 2 Snowbird jets collide, in Toronto, Ontario.
1962 – John Diefenbaker officially opens the Trans Canada Highway at Rogers Pass, in British Columbia  — it’s 4,800 miles from coast to coast.
1939 – Canada, along with 5 other countries, declares war on Germany — 2 days after Nazi invades Poland.
1894 – Labour Day officially celebrated among Canadians for the first time.
1535 – Beluga whales were spotted and reported for the first time in the St. Lawrence River by Jacques Cartier and his crew.

September 4

1972 – The Montreal Museum of Fine Arts is robbed of $3 Million of paintings and art objects — including a $1 Million Rembrandt.
1880 – John A. Macdonald signs agreement with CPR, allowing for the building of the railway.
1876 – Frederic Stupart issues Canada’s first Prepared Storm Warning.
1858 – Atlantic Cable breaks down, in Newfoundland.

September 5

1979 – Canadian gold Maple Leaf coin, Canada’s first gold bullion, goes on sale across Canada, the United States and Europe.
1968 – Gene Mauch became head coach of a new baseball team in Montreal — he named it the Expos.
1945 – Canada’s first nuclear reactor begins operation at Chalk River.
1944 – Earthquake does serious damage to the city of Cornwall, Ontario.
1914 – Babe Ruth hits his first home run in Toronto, Ontario.
1881 – Forest fires in Ontario kill 500 people and the area was covered with a yellowish-green fog for quite a while.

September 6

1979 – On this day, a mini tornado ripped through at least two farms north of Athens, Ontario, levelling a silo, many trees and rows of fences, before cutting a path through a cornfield. At one farm, a fallen apple tree crushed a brand new truck, brought home only three minutes before the storm hit, and an old maple tree fell, taking out a 15-year-old tree house.
1977 – With the exception of Quebec and Nova Scotia, all of Canada’s highway signs are converted to metric.
1961 – The first 10 Canada Council medals were awarded.
1953 – 30 Canadians are released from Korea after an exchange with Korean communists.

September 7

1533 – Cartier reached the Island of Orleans on his second voyage; he named it Bacchus.
1619 – Jens Munk, a Dane, discovered the Churchill River, Hudson Bay.
1763 – King George III issued a proclamation inviting his subjects to settle in Canada.
1816 – The first Canadian steamer on Lake Ontario, Frontenac, was launched.
1864 – The Charlottetown Conference adjourned and delegates arranged to meet again in Halifax.
1910 – The Hague Tribunal defined American fishing rights on the North Atlantic coast.
1927 – Edward, Prince of Wales, and Prince George returned to Britain after their tour of Canada.
1958 – Duplessis, Premier of Quebec for eighteen years, died.
Twelve thousand delegates from 51 nations attended the World Power Conference at Montreal.
1961 – The armed forces were increased by 15,000; plans were announced to train 100,000 civil defence workers.
1965 – Prime Minister Pearson dissolved Parliament and called an election for November 8 of that year.

September 8

1842 – Parliament met at Kingston.
1869 – Governor Musgrave toured British Columbia to study the possibility of Confederation.
1930 – Parliament opened with R. B. Bennett at the new prime minister.
1961 – The University of Montreal was host to delegates from French-speaking universities from many parts of the world.

September 9

1912 – Vilhjamur Stefansson returned after four years in the Arctic (see February 20).
1919 – The HD-4 hydrofoil boat, built by Casey Baldwin and Alexander Bell, set a world record speed of over 114 km/h.
1959 – It was announced that Canada’s first nuclear power station, costing $60 million, would be built near Kincardine, lake Huron.
1963 – A federal-provincial conference was opened in Ottawa.

September 10

1621 – King James I granted William Alexander all the territory between the St. Lawrence and the sea which lay east of the St. Croix River.
1621 – Acadia became Nova Scotia.
1755 – The expulsion of the Acadians from Nova Scotia began.
1895 – The Sault Ste. Marie Canal was opened.
1939 – Canada declared war on Germany.
1951 – Canada and Pakistan signed a technical assistance pact, with Canada providing $10 million aid in the first year. The foreign ministers of Great Britain, France, and the United States met in Washington, D.C., for a conference on measures to contain Soviet aggression.
1959 – The Honourable Paul Sauvé was chosen to succeed the late Maurice Duplessis as Premier of the Province of Quebec.
1960 – Halifax International Airport was opened.
1962 – The bank rate was reduced from 6 per cent to 5-1/2 per cent and exchange reserves were increased as a result of the emergency austerity program.
1964 – The House of Commons consented to appoint a special committee to consider and report upon the flag question.

September 11

1541 – Cartier reached Lachine rapids above Montreal on his third voyage to Canada.
1738 – Pierre la Vérendrye left Lake of the Woods to explore the West, and founded Portage La Prairie.
1754 – Anthony Henday was the first white man to enter what is now Alberta.
1847 – A hurricane off Newfoundland caused the loss of 300 lives.
1861 – The Yonge Street railway was opened at Toronto.
1898 – The city of New Westminster, British Columbia, was destroyed by fire.
1916 – The centre span of Quebec Bridge fell (see August 28).
1958 – Camillien Houde, mayor of Montreal, died. Though he openly espoused Italy’s cause in World War II, he was re-elected mayor six times.
1984 – Pope John Paul II celebrated Mass for 65,000 gatherers at the Olympic Stadium in Montreal, Quebec.

September 12

1672 – Count Frontenac was named Governor of Canada for the first time.
1696 – Iberville arrived at Placentia for a campaign to capture Newfoundland.
1759 – Admiral Saunders bombarded Beauport as a cover for Wolfe’s assault on Quebec.
1760 – General Amherst sent 200 men from Montreal to capture Detroit.
1858 – Gold was found at Tangier River, Nova Scotia.
1943 – Ex-Premier Mussolini, who had been held a prisoner near Rome, was rescued by German troops. Three days later, he proclaimed the establishment of a Republican Fascist Party.

September 13

1710 – Cadillac was appointed Governor of Louisiana.
1775 – Benedict Arnold led a force from Boston to attack Quebec.
1886 – The Canadian Pacific Telegraph system was opened.
1893 – The Montreal Presbytery found Professor Campbell guilty of heresy.
1959 – The second centennial anniversary of the Battle of the Plains of Abraham was commemorated.
1963 – George Drew resigned as High Commissioner to Britain.
1981 – Almost 900 Canadian communities joined in the first Terry Fox Run!

September 14

1535 – Cartier discovered Stadacona (Quebec) on his second voyage up the St. Lawrence.
1758 – The British were defeated at Grant’s Hill.
1763 – The British were defeated at Devil’s Hole by the Seneca Indians.
1853 – Lady Head turned the first sod of the European and North American Railway designed to serve Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Maine.
1926 – The Liberal government, led by Mackenzie King, defeated the Conservatives under Arthur Meighen.

September 15

1688 – Governor Denonville acceded to demands by the Iroquois and abandoned and destroyed Fort Niagara.
1916 – Canadian troops fought in the Battle of the Somme where tanks were used for the first time.
1922 – Two brothers, John and Alfred Billes started a business that has become one of the truly Canadian unofficial symbols: Canadian Tire. Prior 1927, however, it was called Hamilton Garage and Rubber Company — name’s not quite as catchy, eh?
1959 – Major-General Georges P. Vanier was appointed governor-general, succeeding Vincent Massey.

September 16

1842 – Baldwin and Lafontaine formed a government (see June 14).
1858 – Andrew Bonar law was born at Rexton, New Brunswick. He became Prime Minister of Britain, the first person from the Commonwealth to do so.
1893 – Calgary, Alberta, was incorporated as a city.
1901 – The Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and York (later King George V and Queen Mary) began a visit to Canada.
1957 – A four-month strike ended at the Aluminium Company of Canada plant at Arvida, Quebec.
1960 – A Royal Commission was appointed to investigate all aspects of federal government administration.
1962 – The International Nickel Company of Canada gave $2.5 million to Laurentian University (Sudbury, Ontario).
1963 – Canada sold wheat worth $500 million to Russia. It was the largest sale of wheat in history.
1964 – Prime Minister Pearson and President Johnson, in a ceremony at Blaine, Washington, formally signed the Columbia River Treaty.

September 17

1705 – The Marquis of Vaudreuil was made Governor of New France.
1792 – The first legislature of Upper Canada opened at Newark, now Niagara.
1814 – The Americans were repulsed at Fort Erie, Ontario.
1859 – Victoria Bridge at Montreal was completed. It was the first bridge over the St. Lawrence and was opened by the Prince of Wales in 1860.
1949 – L. B. Pearson represented Canada at the first NATO meeting in Washington.
1951 – The first election was held in the Northwest Territories.

September 18

1608 – Pontgravé sailed for France, leaving Champlain with twenty-eight men to hold Quebec.
1663 – A sovereign Council was formed for the Government of Canada.
1679 – La Salle sent his ship Griffon to Niagara, laden with furs. It was never seen again (see January 8).
1787 – Prince William, later King William IV, visited Montreal.
1839 – Joseph Howe published his famous letters to Lord Russell on the subject of responsible government.
1867 – A Conservative government under John A. Macdonald won its first federal election after Confederation. Nova Scotian provincial elections were held on the same day and practically all the Confederation supporters were defeated.
1875 – The Supreme Court of Canada was organized.
1885 – Compulsory vaccination caused riots in Montreal.
– Louis Riel was due to be hanged; his hanging was postponed until November 16.
1961 – An electronic survey was completed, outlining the legal limits of Canada, including the polar continental shelf.
1963 – Princess Alice arrived in Canada for an official visit.

September 19

1654 – The first marriage on record in Canada took place at Quebec.
1860 – Edward, Prince of Wales, left Canada for a visit to the United States.
1864 – Canadian delegates arrived at Quebec after attending the Charlottetown Conference.
1891 – A tunnel under the St. Clair River was opened, connecting Canada and the United States by railway.
1949 – The Canadian dollar was devalued 10 per cent following the devaluation of the British pound on September 18.
1960 – The new University of Alberta was opened at Calgary with a 320-acre campus.
1963 – Plans were announced to develop Confederation Square at Ottawa at a cost of $100 million.

September 20

1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick was signed. France returned Hudson Bay and Newfoundland to Britain, in return for Acadia.
1758 – General Monckton landed troops at the present site of Saint John, New Brunswick.
1816 – A stage-coach ran between York and Niagara.
1854 – The Canadian, the first ship of the Allan Line, sailed from Liverpool for Canada.
1917 – Canadian women who had close relatives in the armed forces were given permission to vote in federal elections.
1956 – George Drew resigned as leader of the Conservative Party

September 21

1812 – Gananoque, Ontario, was raided by an American force.
1818 – Lord Selkirk was tried for breaking into the Northwest Company headquarters at Fort William and arresting the partners.
1902 – First oil strike in Alberta by the Rocky Mountain Development Company, at 3.11 meters.
1928 – Canada introduced airmail stamps.
1963 – Place des Arts was opened at Montreal.

September 22

1830 – Robert Campbell arrived at the Red River to begin his service with the Hudson’s Bay Company.
1851 – Quebec became the capital of Canada.
1930 – The House of commons passed the Unemployment relief Act.
1959 – Two Canadians, Dr. Wilder Penfield and Dr. E. W. R. Steacie, were made members of the U.S.S.R. Academy of Science. They were the first Canadians to be honoured in this way.
1961 – An aerial survey of Wildlife on the Arctic islands was completed.

September 23

1787 – The site of Toronto was purchased from the Mississauga Indians.
1844 – Governor Metcalfe dissolved Parliament and forced an election. John A. Macdonald was elected for the first time, representing Kingston, Ontario.
1908 – The University of Alberta was opened at Edmonton with thirty-seven students.

September 24

1669 – Father Galinée and La Salle, going west, met Joliet near the present site of Hamilton, Ontario. Joliet had been trying to find copper in the Lake Superior area.
1897 – An arch bridge was opened over the Niagara River. It was the third bridge. The first was the suspension bridge built in 1855. The second was a cantilever built in 1883.
1956 – Canada, Britain and the United States signed an atomic energy agreement in Washington.
1959 – External Affairs Minister Howard Green addressed the United Nations on disarmament.
1962 – The Garden of the Provinces was opened at Ottawa by Prime Minister Diefenbaker.
1963 – A Canadian delegation, headed by Privy Council President Lamontagne, left for London to attend the Commonwealth Conference on Finance and Trade, preceding the International monetary Fund Meeting.
1965 – Ojibwa, the Royal Canadian Navy’s first 2000-ton Oberon class submarine, was commissioned at Chatham, England, by Canadian High Commissioner Chevrier.
1965 – Major General B. F. Macdonald was appointed to command the newly-formed UN India-Pakistan Observation Mission.

September 25

1726 – Acadians signed a British oath of allegiance, on condition that they did not have to fight against the French.
1759 – The ship Tilbury of St. Esprit was lost off Cape Breton with 200 lives.
1872 – The Inter oceanic Company was organized for the construction of the C.P.R.
1888 – Ottawa Exhibition opened for the first time.
1911 – Conservative leader Sir Robert Borden was drawn through the streets of Ottawa after winning the reciprocity election.
1950 – A federal-provincial conference was held in Quebec City.
1956 – The first three-way telephone service was opened between Ottawa, London and New York.
1979 – The Montreal Star shut down publication after 110 years in business.

September 26

1659 – Bishop Laval called a conference to deal with the problem of supplying liquor to the Indians.
1667 – René Gaultier de Varenne and Marie Bouchard of Trois Rivières were married. They were the parents of the famous explorer Pierre de la Vérendrye.
1862 – Milton and Cheadle began to explore a route through the Rockies.
1904 – Earl Grey was appointed governor-general.
1917 – Compulsory military service went into effect in Canada.
1951 – David M. Johnson was appointed Canada’s permanent representative to the United Nations.
1959 – A. R. Mosher, honorary President of the Canadian Labour Congress and chief founder of the Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Employees, died.
1960 – Prime Minister Diefenbaker spoke to the United Nations Assembly.
1963 – The Progressive Conservative Government of Premier John Robarts returned to power in Ontario.

September 27

1918 – British and Canadian troops broke the Hindenburg Line, leading to the end of World War I in November.
1962 – Canada’s Twenty-fifth Parliament was opened.

September 28

1813 – The British were defeated by the Americans at York Bay (Toronto).
1857 – A railway between Galt and Guelph, Ontario, was opened.
1892 – New Brunswick abolished its legislation council.
1950 – Indonesia became the sixtieth member of the United Nations. Fourteen additional applicants failed to gain the unanimous support of the Security Council, a prerequisite for membership.
1951 – The International Monetary Fund lifted restrictions on the selling of gold.
1955 – A joint Canada-United States Committee on Trade and Economic Affairs met in Ottawa.
1960 – Skyway Bridge between Prescott, Ontario, and Ogdensburg, New York, was opened.

September 29

1788 – The first ship built on the Pacific coast, the North West America, was completed by Captain Meares at Nootka, Vancouver Island.
1962 – Canada’s spacecraft Alouette was launched at Vandenburg Base, California.

September 30

1912 – The famed Harry Oakes, and brothers George & Tom Tough, discovered gold in Kirkland Lake, Ontario.

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