Sir John A. Macdonald

Sir John A. Macdonald

Time as Canada’s Prime Minister
1867 – 1873
1878 – 1891

Born: January 10 or 11, 1815 in Glasgow, Scotland, and emigrated to Canada in 1820.

Died: June 6, 1891, Ottawa, Ontario, while still in office. Grave site is at the Cataraqui Cemetery (near Kingston), Ontario.

Education: Midland District Grammar School and John Cruickshank School, Kingston (Ontario);   he was called to the Bar of Upper Canada in 1836; he articled (contracted) with a Kingston lawyer at 15 years of age and had his own legal practice by age of 19.

Occupations:
Lawyer (called to the Bar of Upper Canada in 1836)

Political Party
Liberal-Conservative (forerunner of Progressive Conservative Party)
1867 – 1891 Party Leader

Political Record:
Joint Premier, Province of Canada, with Étienne-Paschal Taché 1856 – 1857, and with George-Étienne Cartier 1857 – 1858, 1858 – 1862

Co-leader, Great Coalition, with George-Étienne Cartier and George Brown, 1864 – 1865

Father of Confederation 1867

Creation of provinces of Manitoba 1870, British Columbia 1871, and Prince Edward Island 1873

Red River Rebellion 1870

Building of Canadian Pacific Railway 1871 – 1885

North West Mounted Police 1873

Pacific Scandal 1873

Leader of the Opposition 1873 – 1878
National Policy 1879

Northwest Rebellion 1885

Creation of the first national park at Banff, Alberta 1885

On a personal note:
Married 1843, Isabella Clark (1811 – 1856)
Two sons (one died in infancy)
Re-married 1867, Susan Agnes Bernard (1836 – 1920)
One daughter

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