Annual – April Fool’s Day
1734 – The first lighthouse in Canada opened at Louisburg, Cape Breton.
1776 – American General Wooster succeeded General Benedict Arnold at the siege of Quebec.
1824 – Samuel Clowes, engineer, completed the survey of the Rideau Canada route and submitted his report to Lieutenant Governor Sir Peregrine Maitland.
1885 – Natives began their siege of Battleford, Northwest Territories, and it continued until April 25.
1892 – The North American Canal Company was incorporated to deepen the St. Lawrence River and to build canals from Lake Erie to Lake Ontario and from Lake Francis to Lake Champlain and the Hudson River.
1901 – The population of Canada was 5,371,315: consisting of 3,063,000 English-speaking and 1,649 French-speaking.
1924 – The Royal Canadian Air Force was created.
1927 – The United States put an immigration quota on Canadians seeking employment.
1941 – The Brockville Officers Training Centre opened as one of two permanent centres established in Canada for the training of junior army officers during World War II.
1949 – Sir Albert J. Walsh was appointed the first lieutenant-governor of the Province of Newfoundland.
1951 – The Department of Defence Production was organised.
1968 – Pierre Juneau was named the first chairman of the Canadian Radio and Television Commission.
1663 – King Louis XIV issued a proclamation stating that the laws of France would govern Canada.
1667 – King Louis XIV issued a civil code for Canada and established courts.
1778 – Quebec merchants petitioned for the repeal of the Quebec Act.
1870 – The Great Western Railway station was open ed on the site of today’s O’Keefe Centre in Toronto.
1871 – The first Dominion census was taken. The population of 3,689,257 consisted of 2,110,000 English-speaking and 1,082,000 French-speaking Canadians.
1873 – A charge made in the House of Commons was that Sir John A. Macdonald and cabinet ministers had accepted campaign funds from the promoters of C.P.R. This accusation led to the downfall of Macdonald’s government in November.
1887 – The Americans seized Canadian sealing vesselss in the North Pacific.
1975 – The C.N. Tower, the world’s tallest free-standing structure, was topped off, reaching a height of 553.33 metres or 1,815,550 inches.
1686 – Pierre de Troyes, Chevalier de Troyes, on a mission to destroy the English forts at Hudson Bay, camped on Carillon Island in the Ottawa River system.
1834 – W. L. Mackenzie was chosen as the mayor of Toronto.
1858 – Jake Gaudaur Sr, the world’s best oarsman of his generation, born in Orillia.
1875 – Construction of the C.P.R. transcontinental began in what is now Thunder Bay, Lake Superior.
1876 – On this day Mary Margaret Anglin, daughter of the New Brunswick politician Timothy Warren Anglin, became the first baby born in the parliament buildings in Ottawa. Her other claim to fame is that she was the first internationally renowned Canadian actress, living in New York and touring as far afield as Australia. She died in Toronto on January 7, 1958.
1907 – The University of Saskatchewan in Saskatoon was granted a provincial charter.
1940 – The Earl of Athlone was appointed Governor-General of Canada.
1962 – An act of the Ontario legislature establishing Trent University in Peterborough was given royal assent.
1962 – General A. G. L. McNaughton resigned as chairman of the Canadian section of the International Joint Commission.
1965 – Parliament prorogued after its most extended session: 248 days!
1629 – William Alexander and the Kirke brothers formed the Scottish and English Company, a privateer organisation, to monopolise the fur trade in Canada.
1853 – King’s College in Windsor, Ontario, was incorporated.
1881 – The second Dominion Census showed Canada’s population as 4,324,810: Consisting of 2,548,000 English-speaking and 1,299,000 French-speaking.
1885 – Ottawa’s most significant two-day snowfall occurred on April 3-4 when 71 cm fell on the city.
1887 – Sir Alexander Campbell and Sandford Fleming represented Canada at the First Imperial Conference in London.
1917 – Women were granted the right to vote in B.C.
1949 – Canada signed the North Atlantic Treaty at Washington, D.C.
1996 – A total lunar eclipse took place, as the moon passed through the centre of the Earth’s shadow.
1790 – Near present-day Grimsby, the earliest known session of a municipal government, took place in what is now Ontario. The first town meeting, held in John Green’s house, marked the beginning of local self-government by elected representatives.
1832 – Brockville, Ontario, was incorporated as a town.
1842 – The Gesner Museum, the first public museum in Canada, opened in Saint John, New Brunswick.
1871 – Prince Edward Island authorised the manufacturing of a railway.
1891 – The third Dominion Census showed the population of 4,833,239 — an increase of 500,000 in ten years.
1908 – Edmonton, Alberta installed one of the first dial telephone systems in North America.
1958 – Ripple Rock in Seymour Narrows, British Columbia, was removed by the world’s biggest non-atomic explosions.
1974 – A.Y. Jackson, a leading member of the Group of Seven painters, dies in Kleinburg, Ont., at age 91.
1609 – Henry Hudson, an Englishman in the service of Holland, began the voyage that took him along the coast of Newfoundland.
1808 – John Langton, the first auditor general of Canada, was born at Blythe Hall near Ormskirk, England.
1829 – Bytown’s first post office opened.
1851 – Britain transferred control of post offices to Canada. A uniform rate of postage was introduced.
1860 – The Allan Steamship Line won the contract for weekly postal service to Liverpool.
1885 – General Middleton set out from Qu’Appelle to attack Riel’s force at Batoche.
1886 – Vancouver was incorporated.
1908 – Robert F. Peary sailed from his base at Sydney, Cape Breton, on his first leg of his successful voyage to the North Pole.
1968 – Trudeau was elected as Prime Minister.
1623 – George Calvert (Lord Baltimore) was granted the province of Avalon, Newfoundland.
1672 – Count Frontenac was appointed Governor of New France for the first time.
1837 – Birthdate in Toronto of Anderson R. Abbott, the first Canadian-born Black doctor who served as one of eight Black surgeons in the Union Army of the United States.
1868 – Thomas D’Arcy McGee (1825-1868) was murdered.
1869 – A public execution was held in Prince Edward Island.
1885 – Troops left Toronto for action against Riel’s rebellion.
1890 – Ontario municipalities were granted a local option in the matter of the sale of liquor.
1914 – The Grand Trunk Pacific Railway was completed at Nechako, British Columbia. The first train arrived at Prince Rupert on April 9.
1965 – Leon Balcer left the Conservative party.
1977 – In the season opener, the brand-new Toronto Blue Jays defeated the Chicago White Sox 9-5 before 44,649 fans at the Canadian National Exhibition Stadium.
1669 – Louis XIV approved the building of a hospital at Montreal.
1671 – Marquette founded a mission at Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan.
1785 – An ordinance prohibited imports from the United States by sea.
1873 – A select committee was appointed to examine charges that Sir John A. Macdonald and members of his cabinet had accepted large sums of money from promoters of the C.P.R.
1875 – The Supreme Court was established in Ottawa.
1880 – The first passenger train of the Grand Trunk Railway went from Port Huron to Chicago.
1892 – Mary Pickford, the “Queen of the Movies” and “America’s Sweetheart,” born in Toronto as Gladys Marie Smith.
1937 – General Motors workers began a historic strike in Oshawa, one of their significant demands being recognition of the union – the new United Automobile Workers (UAW). Facing stiff resistance both from the company and from the Liberal government of Mitchell Hepburn, the workers held out for two weeks. In the agreement signed on April 23, GM accepted many of the union’s demands but did not recognise the union itself.
1949 – The Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts and Letters and Sciences – headed by Vincent Massey – was established by federal order-in-council. The commission’s report led to the establishment of the Canada Council in 1957.
1963 – The Liberals under Lester Pearson won a minority government, obtaining 129 seats to 95 for the Conservatives, 24 for the Social Credit Party and 27 for the New Democratic Party.
1682 – La Salle reached the mouth of the Mississippi and claimed Louisiana for France.
1682 – Louis XIV recalled Governor Frontenac.
1799 – The Executive Council approved a proposal from New York immigrant Asa Danforth to construct a road from the town of York to the mouth of the Trent River.
1961 – British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan arrived at Ottawa (Ontario) for discussions with the Canadian government.
1606 – James I gave large grants in North America to the Plymouth and London Companies.
1684 – An ordinance prohibited emigration from French Canada to English colonies in the south.
1812 – The United States called out the militia in preparation for the war against Canada that began on June 18.
1841 – Halifax obtained its city charter.
1850 – Bishop Strachan left Toronto for England on the steamboat America carrying a petition with 11,731 signatures. This petition sought a royal charter for an Anglican college – the present-day Trinity College.
1865 – Premier Tupper of Nova Scotia moved for Maritime Union rather than Confederation.
1959 – A nuclear-research reactor began operating at McMaster University in Hamilton.
1617 – Samuel de Champlain brought Louis Hébert to Canada as the first permanent settler.
1713 – Britain and France signed the Treaty of Utrecht.
1768 – fire badly damaged Montreal, Quebec.
1785 – Sir John Johnson and a group of officers drew up a petition to King George in on behalf of the United Empire Loyalists, asking that the loyalist settlements be separated from the province of Quebec so that they could enjoy freehold land tenure and English civil law.
1839 – John Galt, the organiser of the Canada Company, and the founder of Guelph, died at his home in Greenock, Scotland.
1851 – A milestone in the history of Ontario’s educational system, the so-called Central School at Lot 15, Concession 3, in Hamilton, was acquired for £1,000 and became the first property in Hamilton owned by the Board of Education. The twelve-room school was the first school comprising several grades in British North America.
1884 – The Amateur Athletic Association of Canada was formed.
1904 – Sydney, Nova Scotia, was incorporated as a city.
1962 – The Nuclear Power Demonstration Station’s reactor at Rolphton was brought into operation by Superintendent Lorne McConnell and a staff of 65.
1776 – Thomas Frobisher was sent to build a fort on the Churchill River.
1820 – General George Ramsay, 9th Earl of Dalhousie, became governor of Canada.
1838 – Samuel Lount and Peter Mathews were hanged in Toronto for taking part in the Upper Canada rebellion.
1853 – Five small railways amalgamated into the Grand Trunk Railway.
1867 – The British Government authorized a loan of £3,000,000 for Halifax and the St. Lawrence Railway.
1867 – Montreal merchants founded The Canada Shipping Company.
1917 – Women were granted the right to vote in Ontario.
1920 – The Timber Commission appointed by the Drury government in March 1920 exposed the wartime chaos of the lumber and pulpwood industries.
1946 – The seventeenth governor general, the last titled holder of the office, Viscount Alexander of Tunis, was sworn in a Senate ceremony.
1608 – Champlain sailed to Canada for the third time.
1713 – The Iroquois were joined by the Tuscaroras to become Six Nations.
1858 – A vicious spring storm broke out of the northeast, creating Toronto Island and demolishing John Quinn’s Peninsula Hotel. In a few tense hours, huge waves created a channel about one-and-a-half metres deep.
1859 – The University of New Brunswick was incorporated.
1870 – Donald A. Smith reported to the federal government at Ottawa on the negotiations with Louis Riel at Fort Garry (now Winnipeg).
1961 – His Excellency, Constantine Karamanlis of Greece visited Ottawa.
1750 – French troops began construction of Fort Rouillé, trading-post and storehouse, on the present site of the Canadian National Exhibition, Toronto.
1849 – Mount Allison University, Sackville, New Brunswick received its charter.
1851 – Britain disallowed the currency regulations introduced by Sir Francis Hincks.
1871 – An act was passed, establishing the use of uniform currency throughout Canada.
1892 – Windsor, Ontario received a city charter.
1896 – The House of Commons deadlocked on the Manitoba separate schools remedial bill.
1928 – The famous Russell House Hotel, in Ottawa, Ontario, was destroyed by fire.
1937 – David Croll, Ontario minister of labour, resigned from the cabinet over the Oshawa autoworkers strike, explaining that “my place is marching with the workers rather than riding with General Motors.”
1975 – Premier William Davis announced the establishment of a royal commission headed by Judy La Marsh to study violence in the media.
1672 – A royal edict prohibited fur traders from going to Indian villages. The Indians had to bring their furs to the settlements.
1720 – Three ships left France with three hundred settlers for the Island of St. John (Prince Edward Island).
1814 – The warships Prince Regent and Princess Charlotte launched at Kingston, Ontario.
1859 – First steamboat appears on the Red River.
1861 – Joseph Howe introduced a resolution proposing the union of the North American provinces.
1868 – A group of five began meeting in Ottawa to form the Canada First organisation, a patriotic movement seeking to foster national pride.
1882 – The House of Commons was engaged in bitter debate overnight on the disallowance of Ontario’s River and Streams Act.
1907 – Coal miners went on strike until May 6 in Alberta and eastern British Columbia.
1928 – A Canadian aeroplane discovered the German airship Bremen that had been forced down on Greeley Island, Strait of Belle Isle.
1950 – 500 Dutch immigrants, a vanguard of a larger group of 9,500 to come to Holland Landing north of Toronto, arrived at Toronto’s Union Station.
1958 – The Queen Elizabeth Hotel opened in Montreal, Quebec.
1542 –King Francis I demoted Jacques Cartier and made the Marquis de Roberval Viceroy of New France on January 15, 1540. Roberval did not leave for Canada until April 16, 1542. He had three ships, and several hundred colonists, some of whom were useful, but most were hardened convicts who were taken on board in chains.
1739 – La Vérendrye sent his two sons to explore the rivers flowing into Lake Winnipeg.
1796 – Death of Molly Brant, sister of Mohawk chief Joseph Brant and mistress of Sir William Johnson, superintendent of Indian Affairs.
1833 – English-speaking residents of Quebec protested the proceedings in the Assembly.
1853 – Toronto Locomotive Works completed the Toronto, the first locomotive built in Canada.
1856 – Governor Douglas announced that gold was discovered in British Columbia.
1874 – Louis Riel was expelled from the House of Commons by a vote of 123 to 68.
1874 – The Guelph Agriculture College and Experimental Farm were opened.
1903 – Canada raised the tariff on imports from Germany in retaliation for a similar move by Germany.
1956 – The first step toward self-government for the town of Deep River was taken with the establishment of the improvement District of Deep River by the Ontario Municipal Board.
1610 – Henry Hudson sailed from London to discover Hudson Strait.
1760 – Brigadier de Lévis left Montreal to try to recapture Quebec.
1790 – The export of wheat, oats, flour and meal was prohibited, in an effort to reduce high prices.
1840 – Benjamin Lett blew up Brock’s Monument at Niagara Falls.
1855 – Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island, was incorporated as a city.
1862 – The legislative council of Prince Edward Island was made an elective assembly.
1866 – The Nova Scotia legislature voted for a union of the maritime colonies.
1903 – Barr colonists arrived at Saskatoon (see April 10).
1916 – A New York grand jury indicted Baron Von Papen for conspiracy to blow up Canada’s Welland Canal (which connects Lake Ontario to Lake Erie). However, “Papen was then safely on German soil; he remained under indictment until he became Chancellor of Germany, at which time the charges were dropped.” (From http://www.answers.com/topic/franz-von-papen)
1929 – Percy Williams, in Ottawa, equalled the world’s record of five-and-one-half seconds in the fifty-yard dash.
1967 – Roland Michener, became Canada’s twentieth governor general. He had previously served as speaker of the House of Commons and high commissioner to India.
1982 – In Ottawa, Queen Elizabeth signed into law Canada’s new constitution.
1793 – The Upper Canada Gazette published its first issue at Niagara. It was the first newspaper in Upper Canada.
1816 – The new settlement of Perth in the Rideau Lake area began beside a small river called the Tay. It comprised 840 men, 207 women and 458 children.
1846 – A special commission was appointed to study rebellion losses in Lower Canada.
1960 – President Charles de Gaulle of France arrived in Ottawa for a four-day state visit.
1960 – Canada and Russia signed a three-year agreement. Russia undertook to spend $2 in Canada for every dollar Canada spent in Russia.
1976 – Easter Sunday temperatures soared to 28°C in southern Ontario.
1627 – Cardinal Richelieu signed the charter of the Company of One Hundred Associates that was supposed to develop Canada.
1750 – Representatives of the Acadians asked the Governor of Nova Scotia for permission to leave the country. Permission was denied.
1775 – A skirmish at Lexington led to the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War and the withdrawal of British troops from Boston to Halifax.
1883 – The Parliament buildings were burned at Quebec.
1900 – The first Canadians ever to run in the Boston Marathon – Jim Caffery, Bill Sherring and Frank Hughson, all of Hamilton – placed first, second and third.
1903 – Premier of Ontario from 1872 to 1896, father of Confederation and minister of justice in the first cabinet of Sir Wilfrid Laurier, Sir Oliver Mowat died in Toronto at eighty-three.
1904 – A fire at Toronto caused $12 million damage.
1907 – Tom Longboat, the legendary Onondaga runner born on the Six Nations Reserve near Brantford, won the Boston Marathon by completing the course in two hours, twenty-five minutes and one-fifth of a second.
1927 – New Brunswick put liquor under government control.
1941 – After midnight, 28 German prisoners-of-war escaped by tunnel from Angler POW camp, 300 miles east of present-day Thunder Bay.
1534 – This day marked the beginning of Jacques Cartier’s first historic voyage to Canada. He made the crossing to Bonavista, Newfoundland, in the incredible time of twenty days.
1769 – Chief Pontiac was murdered at the present site of St. Louis, Missouri.
1808 – Explorer David Thompson tried to discover the route of the Columbia River from British Columbia into the State of Washington.
1855 – Prominent citizens of Kingston decided to build an optical astronomical observatory in a local park, one of several meteorological stations erected throughout the British Empire.
1864 – Frederick Seymour arrived to be Governor of British Columbia (mainland).
1873 – St George’s Church, Guelph, the third Anglican church of that name to stand on the site, was opened.
1918 – Men from eighteen to twenty-two years of age were called to military service.
1941 – Prime Minister Mackenzie King and President Roosevelt signed the Hyde Park Declaration of joint defence and economic co-operation.
1668 – Father Marquette left Montreal for Sault Ste. Marie.
1785 – An ordinance established trial by jury.
1821 – The Bank of Upper Canada was incorporated.
1891 – Thomas White, minister of finance in the last Macdonald government, died suddenly at fifty-six.
1918 – Canadian fighter pilot, Roy Brown, shot down the German ace, Baron von Richthofen.
1948 – William Lyon Mackenzie King established a record as having been prime minister longer than any other man in the history of the British Commonwealth. He served for 7,825 days, during which time he won six general elections.
1949 – The new Scarborough Municipal Building was officially opened by Thomas L. Kennedy, Premier of Ontario.
1952 – Queen Juliana of the Netherlands visited Ottawa. She and her children had lived there during World War I. One of her children was born in the Civic Hospital in Ottawa, and to satisfy the Dutch Law on constitutional succession, the hospital room was declared a part of Holland.
1635 – William Alexander (Earl of Stirling) was given further grants in Canada and Long Island.
1737 – The first smelter in Canada was established at Three Rivers (Trois Rivières), Quebec.
1745 – A British naval force under Admiral Warren joined Pepperell at Canso for the attack on Louisburg.
1786 – Lord Dorchester was again appointed Governor of Canada.
1844 – The Bytown Packet, later renamed the Ottawa Citizen, was founded.
1897 – Finance Minister Fielding introduced new tariffs.
1900 – The Alexandra Bridge, linking Ottawa and Hull, was opened to traffic. Its overall length, including approaches, was 873 metres. Its cantilever span – 169 metres on completion – was the largest in Canada and the fourth largest in the world.
1930 – The new Welland Canal, superceding the 1829 waterway and efficiently cutting the transit time between Lakes Ontario and Erie by twelve hours, was opened.
1960 – Field Marshal Montgomery arrived at Ottawa for a four-day visit.
1963 – Lester B. Pearson became Prime Minister of Canada.
1967 – Toronto Greeks held a massive protest rally outside the city hall to denounce the military takeover of their mother country the day before.
1827 – Forty-six-year-old John Galt founded the town of Guelph.
1827 – The first steam engine began operation in Nova Scotia.
1827 – Shubenacadie Canal began to connect Halifax with the Bay of Fundy.
1842 – The cornerstone of King’s College, Toronto, was laid by Sir Charles Bagot.
1851 – The first Canadian postage stamps were issued.
1879 – Guelph, Ontario, was incorporated as a city.
1887 – The Ontario legislature passed an act enabling church colleges to federate with the University of Toronto.
1936 – Weary miners finally rescued Torontonians Dr D. E. Richardson and Alfred Scadding from Nova Scotia’s Moose River mine after eleven days of imprisonment.
1626 – Champlain sailed from Dieppe on his eleventh voyage to Canada.
1824 – The cornerstone of the Second Courthouse in York, located at Church and Yonge, was laid by Lieutenant Governor Sir Peregrine Maitland.
1851 – Prince Edward Island obtained responsible government with George Coles as Premier.
1896 – Lord Strathcona (formerly Donald A. Smith) was appointed Canadian High Commissioner to Britain.
1905 – Architect Kivas Tully – designer of the town hall of St Catharines, the Anglican church at Thorold, Christ Church at Lakefield, old Trinity College in Toronto and Victoria Hall, Cobourg – died at eighty-five in Toronto.
1951 – Princess Patricia Canadian Light Infantry was sent into action in Korea.
1952 – The first shipment of oil from Alberta by pipeline and freighter arrived at Sarnia, Ontario.
1720 – A governor and council of Nova Scotia were appointed.
1825 – £100 was appropriated to flagstone the sidewalks of King St, York.
1849 –On this day, Lord Elgin signed the Rebellion Losses Bill. Thomas Raddall wrote in The Path of Destiny, “It was a memorable date in Canadian history, for he signed the bill and in that one firm signature made clear that from now on Canada (and British governors-general) was to be ruled by Canadians though the heavens fell.”
1858 – The first gold miners heading for Fraser River arrived at Victoria, British Columbia.
1862 – John A. Macdonald’s motion for a more efficient militia led to the defeat of the government on May 20.
1885 – The Ontario government named Sir Casimir Gzowski as the first chairman of the Niagara Parks Commission.
1950 – The Canadian patent office issued a patent for AMCRO, an apparatus for the automatic control of machinery. Developed by Eric W. Leaver and G.R. Mounce in Toronto, the device was an early, and major, contribution in the field of robotics.
1610 – Champlain arrived at Tadoussac on his fourth voyage to Canada.
1625 – Jesuit Fathers, Bréboeuf and others, sailed from Dieppe.
1792 – Captain Vancouver sailed into the Strait of Juan de Fuca.
1819 – The Black settlement in Oro Township was founded when the Executive Council issued four order-in-council allowing land to be granted on what is now Wilberforce St, Barrie.
1860 – John Joseph Lynch became the third Roman Catholic bishop of Toronto.
1900 – The great Ottawa fire started on the Hull side. Devastation extended as far as Dow’s Lake. J.R. Booth lost fifty-five million board feet of lumber.
1963 – The Ontario Arts Council was established by an act of the legislature, its purpose is to promote the study, enjoyment and production of works of art in the province.
1628 – Sieur Couillard, a son-in-law of Louis Hébert, was the first man in Canada to use a plough drawn by oxen.
1644 – Wheat was first sown in Canada.
1831 – The steamer Royal William was launched at Quebec.
1896 – Sir Mackenzie Bowell resigned as Prime Minister and was succeeded by Sir Charles Tupper.
1916 – The Ontario government’s wartime Resources Act – designed to encourage the production, and control the consumption, of food – received royal assent.
1961 – Canada gave Sierra Leone a $5,000 book credit to mark its independence.
1726 – Charles Le Moyne was made the first governor of the French fort at Niagara.
1817 – The Rush-Bagot Treaty was signed. Under it, Britain and the United States agreed to limit guns and ships of war on the Great Lakes.
1817 – The steamer Ontario, the first on the Great Lakes, made the round trip between Lewiston and Ogdensburg in ten days.
1888 – General Henry D. G. Crerar, Canadian army commander in World War II, born in Hamilton.
1930 – Several thousand people attended the funeral in Port Arthur of Viljo Rosvall and John Voutilainen, two Finnish-Canadian organisers of the Lumber Workers Industrial Union of Canada, believed to have been murdered by White (anti-Communist) Finns.
1967 – Expo ‘67 opened in Montreal, Quebec.
1627 – The Company of the One Hundred Associates was established to develop Canada.
1742 – Pierre de la Vérendrye sent two of his sons to try to find the route to the Pacific.
1823 – Hart Massey, whose small foundry in Newcastle expanded to become the Massey Manufacturing Company, was born in Haldimand Township.
1845 – Thirty-six prominent businessmen met at the Royal Exchange Hotel in Toronto and founded a board of trade to foster community interests.
1858 – John Brown, the ardent abolitionist from Kansas, arrived in Chatham to plan the overthrow of the American government and the slave system. In December of the following year, Brown was to be executed after his abortive raid on the federal arsenal at Harper’s Ferry, Virginia.
1880 – Hugh Baker of the Hamilton Telephone Company received a charter for a Canada-wide telephone company and named it the Bell Telephone Company of Canada.
1891 – The first Canadian Pacific Steamship Empress of India arrived at Vancouver from Yokohama. Mail came in New York 3 and half days later. This finally established the short route to “Cathay” for which explorers had been searching since the days of John Cabot.
1926 – Maple Leaf Stadium, in Toronto, formally opened.
1630 – Charles La Tour and his son received 4,500 square miles of Nova Scotia from William Alexander.
1658 – The Ville Marie school, the first in Montreal, opened in a stable.
1745 – A force from New England under Sir William Pepperell began the siege of Louisburg.
1835 – Sir Francis Bond Head was appointed Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada.
1852 – A delegation from Canada and the Maritimes met with the Earl of Derby, Prime Minister of Britain, to discuss the possibility of building railways.
1864 – Chilcotin Indians massacred road builders in British Columbia.
1864 – Prince Edward Island’s Legislature authorised a delegation to address the proposed maritime union.
1890 – Lethbridge News reported a battle between Crees and Blackfoot Indians.
1898 – A provincial bill was passed declaring that all pine timber cut on the crown lands of Ontario had to be sawn in Canadian mills.
1903 – Dr Emily Stowe of Norwich, the first practising female physician in Canada, instrumental in opening up opportunities for women in higher education, died. Her daughter, Ann Augusta Stowe-Gullen, became the first woman to receive a Canadian medical degree.
1906 – American philanthropist Andrew Carnegie opened the new Public Library in Ottawa a the corner of Laurier and Metcalfe streets.
1960 – The centennial of the Queen’s Own Rifles of Canada was celebrated.