Pic of calendar for the month of August

Annual: Last Sunday in August — The Vicar and villages of Eyam, Derbyshire, quarantined themselves to stop the spread of the plague. 260 out of 350 people died.

August 1

1985 – The world’s tallest unsupported flagpole (282′ 4″) was erected in Vancouver, B.C. It supports a gigantic hockey stick.
1944 – Parliament passed the Baby Bonus legislation.
1932 – Canada’s CCF party was created — now it’s known as the NDP party.
1932 – Canadian high jumper Duncan McNaughton won an Olympic gold medal in Los Angeles, CA.
1930 – Montreal, Quebec had the first Canadian landing of a transatlantic lighter-than-air craft.
1928 – In Amsterdam, Canadian Percy Williams won the gold medal in a 200-meter race.
1926 – Headlines were made when circus elephants stampeded in Edmonton, Alberta.
1908 – Fernie, British Columbia was destroyed by fire.
1834 – Slavery was outlawed in the British Empire.
1498 – Christopher Columbus sighted the South American Continent, but he mistook it for an island.

August 2

1942 – Canada’s Wartime Prices and Trade Board stated that restaurant customers could order only one cup of tea or coffee at a sitting. Rationing was lifted 25 months later.
1922 – Death of Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone. He was born on March 3, 1847.
1918 – A general strike began across Canada.
1878 – John McDougall became Canada’s first Auditor General.
1877 – Death of Sir James Douglas, Governor of Vancouver Island and the “Father of British Columbia.”
1867 – 3,000 Sioux failed to defeat 32 soldiers at the “Wagon Box Fight”.
1862 – Victoria, British Columbia was incorporated as a city.
1858 – Beginning of the Four-day Brown-Dorion ministry, the shortest Canadian ministry on record.
1830 – James Strange claimed Vancouver Island in the name of Britain.
1610 – Henry Hudson entered Hudson’s Bay but thought he had found the Pacific.

August 3

1989 – In Canada’s first infant heart transplant operation, a team led by Dr Wilbert Keon implanted the heart from an 18-month-old donor, into an 11 day old Ontario boy.
1961 – Canada’s CCF party officially became the NDP.
1958 – The Nautilus became the first submarine to cross the North Pole beneath the Arctic ice.
1876 – In the first intelligible telephone call from building to building, Alexander Graham Bell heard his uncle recite Hamlet’s “to be or not to be…”.
1871 – In Fort Garry, Northwest Territory was the signing of the first Indian treaty negotiated by Canada. The Indians surrendered 43,000 square kilometres of land in return for 160 acres for each family of five and a $3 per person annuity.
1847 – Birth of the Earl of Aberdeen, seventh Governor-General of Canada. He died on March 10, 1934.
1751 – In Halifax, Nova Scotia, Bartholomew Green set up the first printing press in Canada.
1527 – Captain John Rut wrote the first recorded letter from the new world to the old — a report to King Henry VIII about conditions in Newfoundland and Labrador.
1492 – Christopher Columbus left Spain for a westward voyage in the ships “Santa Maria”, “Pinta” and “Nina”. He discovered land on October 12th.

August 4

1983 – In the “Fowl Ball” incident, in Toronto, Yankee outfielder Dave Winfield was charged for killing a seagull with a thrown baseball. The charge of ‘unnecessary cruelty to animals’ was dismissed after Winfield convinced the authorities that the killing was accidental.
1978 – Forty-one (41) handicapped people died when their bus plunged into a lake near Eastman, Quebec.
1976 – Death of Lord Thomson of Fleet at age 82. He was a Canadian-born barber’s son who became a millionaire and owner of many radio and television stations, and newspapers.
1944 – France — Death of squadron leader Ian Bazalgette, of Calgary, Alberta. He was awarded, posthumously, the Victoria Cross for guiding his damaged Lancaster bomber away from a village before it crashed, killing him and two comrades.
1922 – To mark the death of Alexander Graham Bell, telephone service was suspended for 60 seconds, starting at 6:25 p.m.
1921 – This date marks the birth of hockey great Maurice Richard
1914 – Fearful of German raids, British Columbia purchased two submarines to form its own private navy. The federal government bought the subs two days later.
1914 – On this date, Canada declared war on Germany.
1910 – The cruiser Rainbow became the first ship commissioned by the Royal Canadian Navy.
1900 – Birth date of Queen Mother Elizabeth.
1769 – The island of St. Jean separated from Nova Scotia — the island is now called Prince Edward Island.

August 5

1951 – Red Hill Jr. died going over Niagara Falls in a barrel.
1913 – In Victoria, B.C. John Bryant became the first air crash fatality victim in Canada.
1888 – Death of a 7’6″ Nova Scotian Anne Swan. She was once billed by P.T. Barnum as the ‘world’s biggest girl’.
1689 – Indians attacked settlers in one of Canada’s worst massacres, in Lachine Quebec.
1583 – Sir Humphrey Gilbert established North America’s first English colony near St. John’s Harbour, Newfoundland.

August 6

1992 -Due to a judge’s error and despite an immediate correction, an Olympic Gold that should have gone to Canada’s Sylvie Frechette for solo synchronized swimming went instead to the American runner-up. The IOC later reversed its controversial decision: Sylvie was awarded the Gold at a special ceremony in Montreal, Quebec in December 1993.
1954 – Emilie Dionne, at age 20, died of an epileptic seizure. She was one of the famous Quintuplets.
1942 – The Canadian destroyer, HMCS Assiniboine, rammed and sank an enemy submarine about 650 kilometres off Newfoundland.
1939 – The beginning of regular air mail service between Canada and Britain.
1892 – Ottawa opened its first golf course.
1881 – Birth of Alexander Fleming, discoverer of penicillin.
1879 – A tornado demolished the village of St. Mary’s, New Brunswick and killed seven people.

August 7

1979 – A vicious tornado killed and injured a total of 142 people in Woodstock, Ontario.
1971 – Wind driven baseball-size hailstones broke windows and damaged most roofs in Whitecourt, Alberta.
1968 – In Regina, the Saskatchewan government allowed two hundred (200) university students to pay their tuition in wheat, oats or barley.
1954 – In Vancouver, British Columbia was the “Mile of the Century” — Landry-Bannister race in which both runners broke the four-minute mile.
1950 – A report was published about the Canadian discovery of the world’s largest meteor crater, in Ungava, Quebec. It said the collision occurred between 3,000 to 5,000 years ago, blasted out 10 billion tons of granite, and created a hole the size of downtown Toronto!
1885 – Charlottetown elected its first city council.
1867 – The PC’s under John Macdonald won the first federal election following confederation.
1679 – The Griffon, launched by explorer La Salle, became the first ship to sail the Great Lakes.

August 8

1918 – For capturing a machine gun nest while severely injured, John Croke became the first Newfoundlander to win the Victoria Cross.
1918 – Canadian forces began a hundred days of almost continuous victories against German defences.
1905 – Mina Hubbard became the first white person to see the great caribou migration in Labrador.
1864 – In Niagara Falls, daredevil Guillermo Faini’s stilts got stuck in rocks as he tried to cross the rapids above the falls. He was pulled safely to shore with a rope.
1863 – Angus MacAskill died in Englishtown, Nova Scotia. He was a 7′ 9″ “gentle giant with hands the size of dinner plates”. Tom Thumb, the 35-inch midget, once danced on one of MacAskill’s palms.
1845 – Birth of the Marquis of Lorne, fourth Governor-General of Canada. He died May 2, 1914.

August 9

1988 – Edmonton, Alberta, shook the sports world by trading Wayne Gretzky and two other players to Los Angeles for Jimmy Carson, Martin Gelinas, three first-round draft choices and $15 million cash.
1978 – Graham Smith won Canada’s 26th gold medal at the Commonwealth Games, it’s most ever! He later won the 400-meter medley to become first to win six golds at one Olympics.
1974 – Nine Canadian peacekeepers died when a Syrian missile downed a UN transport plane.
1964 – Quebec became the first province to borrow money from another province when it got a $100,000,000 loan from British Columbia.
1945 – His Corsair fighter hit by shells from a Japanese warship, Lieut. Robert Gray became the last Canadian killed in WWII.
1942 – The day marks the birth of Canadian comedian David Steinberg.
1934 – James Ayling and Leonard Reid completed the first non-stop transatlantic flight from central Canada to London, England.
1930 – Canada’s Percy Williams set a world record of 10:03 seconds for 100 meters.
1881 – Construction began on Newfoundland’s first railway, from St. John’s to Hall Bay.
1848 – Opening of the Suspension Bridge, in Niagara, Ontario, to the U.S.
1845 – Birth of Canadian faith healer Brother Andre (Alfred Bessette), to whom thousands of miracles are attributed.
1842 – Signing of the Ashburton-Webster Treaty that defined the border between New Brunswick and Maine.

August 10

1983 – Two teenagers rode a roller coaster in Montreal a record-setting 503 hours!
1966 – The Heron Road bridge in Ottawa, Ontario, collapsed, killing nine people and injuring sixty.
1921 – Franklin Roosevelt was stricken with polio.
1883 – A CPR train arrived at Calgary, Alberta for the first time.
1876 – Bell Telephone’s first long distance call travelled 8 miles, from Paris, Ontario to Brantford, Ontario.
1840 – “Star of the East” left the ground in Canada’s first known balloon flight from Saint John, New Brunswick.
1792 – The Canadian Banking Company began issuing almost worthless paper money. Until then, only coins had any real value.
1575 – Peter Bales presented to Queen Elizabeth I a penny-sized inscription that included the Lord’s Prayer, the Creed, two short prayers, the date and other information.
1535 – Jacques Cartier first sighted and named the St Lawrence River.

August 11

1993 – A Canadian team headed by inventor T. Mussivand unveiled, in Ottawa, Ontario, an artificial heart that required no attachments outside the body.
1978 – Canada won its first Commonwealth Games with 109 medals.
1957 – Seventy-nine people died when a Maritime Central DC-4 crashed in Quebec.
1941 – Ottawa banned the use of silk to preserve it for wartime parachutes.
1927 – The Canadian Home and School Association was founded in Toronto, Ontario.
1914 – Newfoundland’s temperature reached 41.7 degrees, one of its hottest days ever.
1912 – A 108-hour rainstorm drenched Cape-Rouge, Quebec, with 216 mm of rain; Quebec City got 196 mm.
1906 – Montreal, Quebec, suffered its first auto fatality.
1771 – Hudson Bay whalers returned from the first known whaling expedition with three kills.

August 12

2003 – The Crowsnest Pass forest fires produced thick smoke, ash and haze over southern and central Alberta. Those with respiratory conditions were warned, but even healthy people were told to curtail outdoor activities. Many complained of eye irritation, itching, redness, wheezing and shortness of breath. In three days, the air quality index rose to 122. Anything above 100 is very poor.
1985 – Petro-Canada bought 1,800 Gulf stations to become Canada’s biggest service station owner.
1967 – Death of Canadian broadcaster J. A. Dupont, who did the first play-by-play hockey broadcast from Madison Square Garden.
1965 – A hardboard mill in Nova Scotia became India’s first industrial investment in the Western Hemisphere.
1918 – Pvt Thomas Dinesan, of the 42nd Battalion Quebec Regiment, single-handedly killed twelve Germans with a grenade and a bayonet, an action that earned him the Victoria Cross.
1917 – Canadian pilot Billy Bishop was awarded the Victoria Cross for a daring attack on a German airfield. Bishop had thirty-six kills to his credit.
1896 – Gold was first discovered in the Yukon Territory.
1892 – The first electric streetcar began operation in Toronto, Ontario.
1856 – Meeting of the first elected parliament West of Upper Canada. It consisted of seven members elected by about forty voters.
1845 – In Point Pele, Ontario, ten people died when the steamships London and Kent collided in clear weather.
1811 – From Halifax, this date marks the laying of the cornerstone of Province House, Nova Scotia’s legislative building.
1787 – Charles Inglis, consecrated Bishop of Nova Scotia, became the British Empire’s first Anglican Bishop.
1615 – In Thunder Bay, Father Le Caron celebrated Ontario’s first Roman Catholic Mass.

August 13

Annual: International Lefthander’s Day
1980 – Sunk in 1853, the HMS Breadalbane was found perfectly preserved in Canada’s Arctic waters.
1941 – Start of the Canadian Women’s Army Corps.
1886 – Sir John A. Macdonald tapped in the last spike of the Esquimalt-Nanaimo Railway.
1535 – Jacques Cartier became the first European to sail the St. Lawrence River.

August 14

2003 – Great Blackout Hits Eastern North America at 4:11 P.M.! It was possibly triggered by a power surge in a U.S. power plant, millions lost electrical power — many for as long as a few days. No lights, computers, refrigerators, air conditioners or traffic lights — reasons enough for chaos, but all fared amazingly well. It affected most of Ontario, New York City, Chicago, Detroit, and Cleveland — an estimated 50 million homes and businesses lost power by the blackout.
1944 – Canadian forces drove the Germans from the town of Falaise, France.
1934 – John S. Labatt was kidnapped and held for $150,000 ransom. He was freed three days later. Kidnapper John Bannon was caught and sentenced to fifteen years in prison.
1877 – The Northwest Council issued an edict protecting Canadian buffalo.

August 15

Annual: Acadian Day
1971 – A hurricane unloaded 296 mm (11.65 inches) of rain on Halifax, N.S., washing away highways and bridges
1943 – Fighting together for the first time, Canadian and U.S. Troops secured Kiska Island without firing a single shot.
1925 – This day marks the birth of Canadian pianist Oscar Peterson.
1879 – Opening of the first telephone exchange in the British Empire (now in Hamilton, Ontario).
1624 – Samuel de Champlain sailed from Canada with his wife.

August 16

1979 – Death of Right Honourable John Diefenbaker, former Prime Minister of Canada. He was born 18 September 1985.
1974 – Canadian Cindy Nicholas swam Lake Ontario in fifteen hours and eighteen minutes (15:18), to break the world record by almost three hours.
1965 – Canadian jockey Johnny Longden won his 6,000th race in Vancouver, B.C.
1944 – The RCMP’s 300-ton St. Roch became first to sail through the Northwest Passage in both directions.
1925 – Death of Sir Adam Beck, who brought hydroelectric power to Ontario.
1863 – First edition of the Calgary Herald, then called The Calgary Herald, Mining and Ranche Advocate and General Advertiser.
1858 – The U.S. sent its first cable to Britain via Newfoundland.
1858 – Canada abolished imprisonment for debt.
1784 – The province of New Brunswick was established as a separate province with its present boundaries.
1665 – Two stallions and twelve mares sent by Louis XIV to start a new breed of horses arrived in New France.

August 17

1962 – Montreal catcher Gary Carter beat out an infield single against Atlanta to become the first Expo to get 1,000 hits.
1966 – Beetle John Lennon expressed admiration for American draft dodgers fleeing to Canada.
1959 – First oil strike in the Yukon.
1944 – Five hundred army conscripts were ordered to harvest tobacco in Southern Ontario. The soldiers, often called Zombies, were widely resented for not being overseas.
1936 – Quebec’s Union National Party won an election for the first time.
1913 – Ontario decreed that French could not be used in schools past grade one.
1912 – Thomas Wilby left Halifax in a Reo Special and reached Victoria fifty-two days later to become the first person to drive an automobile across Canada.
1833 – The Royal William, a Canadian vessel, became the first steamship to cross the Atlantic under steam and later became the first steamship to fire a gun.

August 18

1979 – Opening of the 645 km Dempster Highway, Canada’s first all-weather road across the Arctic Circle.
1938 – U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, accepting an honorary degree from Queen’s University, told
a cheering crowd that America would not stand idly by if Canada was invaded.
1935 – New Brunswick’s warmest day at 39.4 degrees.
1882 – Birth of Canadian explorer Simon Fraser.
1882 – Methodist minister John Lake gave Saskatoon (Cree word for berry) its name.
1869 – Canada’s first patent was granted — W. Hamilton for a fluid meter that measured gases and liquid.
1621 – Authorized by Champlain, settlers sent a list of grievances to the King that included requests for stronger
justice and military systems … .. and a boost in Champlain’s pension.

August 19

1972 – With his second catch of the game, number 632 of his career, Hamilton’s Tommy Joe Coffey set an all-pro record for pass receptions.
1969 – Claude Raymond joined the Montreal Expos to become the first Canadian player on a Canadian-based team.
1942– Canadian forces suffered nearly 3,500 casualties and another 1,00 were captured in an ill-fated raid on Dieppe. Reasons cited for the disaster: Weak bombardment of enemy positions; support tanks sank after launching; reserves were sent in not knowing the first wave hadn’t penetrated the town.
1935 – Nova Scotia’s warmest day at 38.3 degrees Celsius.
1935 – Prince Edward Island’s warmest day at 36.7 degrees Celsius.
1916 – The Duke of Devonshire became Governor-General of Canada.
1831 – Two hundred and seventy-three people died when the ship Lady Sherbrooke was wrecked off Cape Bay.
1809 – Launch of the Accommodation, the first steamship in Canada.

August 20

Annual: St. Philbert’s Day — Nuts which ripen around this date became known as filberts.
1998 – The Supreme Court of Canada ruled Quebec could not unilaterally secede From Canada. It said Canada would be obliged to negotiate in good faith if Quebecers decided by a clear majority, to a clear question, that they wanted to separate.
1987 – Federal government employees were ordered to stop smoking at all public service counters.
1973 – Saskatchewan Roughrider fullback George Reed set an all-time world pro football rushing record, surpassing the 12,312 yards held by the NFL’s Jimmy Brown. A week earlier, Reed broke Brown’s record of 106 touchdowns.
1970 – A tornado killed 10 people and injured 200 in Sudbury, Ontario.
1928 – Quebec’s attorney general prohibited dog racing.
1620 – Henry Kelsey saw buffalo on the Prairies and became the first white man to describe them.

August 21

Annual: Discovery Day (Yukon celebration)
1987 – Death of William (Bill) Heeney, the father of frozen foods in Canada. In 1931, he was convinced by Clarence Birdseye to start a Canadian frozen food business in Ottawa.
1961 – Canadian Bette Singer dove a record-setting 307 feet into Bahamian waters.
1949 – One of Canada’s strongest earthquakes struck the west coast, but caused no deaths and little damage.
1859 – Two Caughnawaga teams played Ottawa’s first lacrosse game.
1796 – Mississauga Chief Wabakinine was murdered while protecting his sister from the advances of a British soldier. He was kicked in the chest and struck on the head with a rock. His wife was also seriously injured in the incident.
1583 – The sinking of The Delight, with eighty-five people aboard, became the first identifiable Canadian shipwreck at Sable Island.

August 22

1964 – The Beetles stopped in Vancouver, British Columbia, in their first Canadian concert, but it only lasted twenty-seven minutes, because a riot was feared.
1952 – Another Canadian first, this time, the first known television gaffe: A CBC Tele-Cine projectionist inserted a slide upside down.
1937 – The Governor stated that CBC programming would be increased from six hours a day to sixteen.
1935 – In Alberta, the world’s first Social Credit government took power.
1924 – In Vancouver, British Columbia, powerful signals resembling Morse code were picked up over several weeks at the Point Grey wireless station — many believed that they were from Mars. Some astronomers disagreed, arguing that the signals couldn’t possibly travel the great distance to Earth.
1884 – The Calgary Stampede was formed — it was then known as The Calgary Agricultural Society.
1711 – Nine hundred men drowned when fifteen ships were wrecked as Admiral Walker’s assault on Quebec bogged down in heavy fog.

August 23

1957 – Saskatchewan became the first province to complete its section of the Trans-Canada Highway.
1890 – Moncton, New Brunswick was officially incorporated as a city.
1882 – The site known as Pile of Bones, Saskatchewan, was christened Regina.
1797 – Emanuel Allen was sold at a public auction in Montreal, thereby becoming the last slave transaction in Canada.
1691 – Henry Kelsey, the first European in the Prairies, became first to hunt buffalo with the Assiniboine Indians.
1541 – Jacques Cartier arrived in Quebec on his third trip to Canada. He planted cabbage, lettuce and turnips, and saw them begin to sprout eight days later.

August 24

1989 – A team made up of Canadian and U.S. Scientists announced finding the gene that causes Cystic Fibrosis.
1949 – The North Atlantic Treaty Organization was created by Canada, the United States and ten European nations.
1908 – Canadian Tommy Burns knocked out Bill Squires in round 13 for the heavyweight championship in Sydney.
1885 – First census of the Northwest Territories.
1887 – Bell obtained the Canadian telephone patent.
1876 – Cree Indians from central Alberta and central Saskatchewan agreed to live on reservations.
1791 – Canada divided into two provinces.
1660 – Radisson and Groseilliers formed the Hudson Bay Company after having a fortune in furs confiscated for illegal trading.

August 25

1943 – Franklin Roosevelt became the first American president to visit Canada’s capital: Ottawa, Ontario.
1923 – This date marks the birth of Canadian-born quiz master Monty Hall.
1919 – Toronto, Ontario — The Prince of Wales set a precedent by holding a reception at City Hall to meet the public.
1906 – Saskatchewan’s Coat of Arms was granted by King Edward VII.
1878 – First issue of Saskatchewan’s first newspaper, the Saskatchewan Herald, was printed.
1824 – First conference of the Methodist Church of Canada was held.
1785 – First issue of a bilingual Montreal Gazette newspaper was printed.
1782 – The first census of Niagara, Carolyn, listed 83 people.
1689 – Fifteen hundred Iroquois killed two hundred people in Montreal, Quebec.

August 26

Annual: Make Your Own Luck Day
Annual: Women’s Equality Day

1977 – Bill 101 made French Quebec’s official language.
1961 – John Diefenbaker opened the Hockey Hall of Fame in Toronto, Ontario.
1957 – Birth of Canadian athlete Rick Hansen, whose Man in Motion wheelchair tour raised over $20 million for spinal cord research.
1933 – Kingston, Ontario witnessed the completion of the first non-stop flight across Canada.
1910 – Birth of Jessie Gray, Canada’s first female surgeon.
1891 – Weather forecasts were first published for Manitoba and parts of the Northwest Territories (present-day Saskatchewan and Alberta).
1875 – Birth of Baron Tweedsmuir, 15th Governor-General of Canada. He is known for instituting the Governor-General’s literary awards.
1872 – A telegram from John A. Macdonald to J.J. Abbott read: “I must have another ten thousand.” Opposition members believed the wire was proof that Macdonald accepted money for supporting the Allan group’s bid for the CPR.
1835 – John A. Macdonald began practising law at Kingston, Ontario.
1833 – Captain John Ross and nineteen of his crew were rescued from Baffin Island. With their ship trapped in ice, they survived by living with the Eskimos for three years.
1784 – Cape Breton, the island at the eastern extremity of the Gulf of St. Lawrence, was separated from Nova Scotia as one of several separate jurisdictions created for the United Empire Loyalists. It became part of Nova Scotia again in 1820.

August 27

1980 – The Ottawa Journal folded after ninety-four years.
1978 – Bob Macoritti, of Saskatchewan Roughriders, kicked a record-setting seven field goals against Toronto.
1973 – A 290-gram hailstone, the largest ever found in Canada, landed at Cedoux, Saskatchewan. It was nearly three times the size of a golf ball.
1973 – The Canadian Supreme Court ruled that native women marrying non-Indians lose Indian status.
1793 – The city of York (now Toronto), Ontario was founded.
1612 – Thomas Button, captain of The Discovery, became the first European to winter in Manitoba.

August 28

1998 – The Supreme Court ruled that Quebec cannot secede unilaterally. Canada is obliged to negotiate a separation, however, if a clear majority of Quebeckers vote “yes” on a clear question.
1941 – The Dominion Observatory time became Canada’s official time.
1913 – Birth of Canadian author Robertson Davies.
1872 – From Niagara Falls, Ontario, The world’s first wild west show, starring Wild Bill Hickok, was a flop.
1833 – The British Empire outlawed slavery, liberating at least 700,000 people.
1819 – In Richmond, Ontario, Canada’s Governor-in-Chief, the Duke of Richmond, died from rabies inflicted while trying to rescue his dog from a rabid fox.

August 29

1974 – Canadian astronomer A.G. Willis discovered one of the largest objects in the universe: an energy cloud more than 105,582,000,000,0000,000 miles long.
1917 – Thousands of Montrealers rioted over the passage of the Military Service Act that made all British subjects up to age 45 liable for war service.
1907 – Seventy-five people died in the Quebec bridge collapse.
1892 – The first dinner cooked on an all-electric stove was served at the Windsor Hotel in Ottawa, Ontario.
1883 – The first Salvation Army service in Canada, in London, Ontario.
1857 – Geologist James Hector was kicked off his horse and knocked unconscious, giving rise to the name, Kicking Horse Pass. The location became a major route for the Canadian Pacific Railway.

August 30

1988 – Canadian Vicki Keith swam ashore from Lake Ontario to complete the swimming of all five Great Lakes, which she began on July 1.
1987 – Canadian Ben Johnson was hailed as the world’s fastest man when he ran a 100-meter race in 9.83 seconds. The record was retracted because Johnson was using steroids.
1973 – Rail workers on strike forced their way into Centre Block of Ottawa Parliament Buildings.
1972 – Mack Herron, of the Blue Bombers, set a CFL record with a 120-yard kick off return.
1919 – Prince Edward Island lifted its long-standing ban on automobiles.
1896 – Birth of Canadian Raymond Massey, who won the 1940 Best Actor Oscar for his role as Abe Lincoln.
1851 – Parliament passed the Canadian Currency Act, making the dollar legal tender up to $10 per transaction. Britain’s approval was needed to strike new Canadian coins.
1843 – Abishabis, a native who claimed to be Jesus, was rejected by his flock when his prophecy that hunting would improve didn’t come true. He then killed an in-law’s family and stole their food and a canoe, but was caught by Hudson Bay officials. The Natives removed him from prison and burned him.
1611 – Newfoundland’s first laws were issued by John Guy, its first governor. The laws protected forests and harbours and helped regulate the fishing industry.

August 31

1987 – Quatre Saisons launched Canada’s first French daily TV soap opera La Maison Deschenes.
1976 – Carolyn Bowes became the first woman to run across Canada. It took 133 days to cover the 3,840 miles from Halifax, Nova Scotia to Burnaby, British Columbia.
1938 – Torrential rains in a wide area of Quebec caused cliff slides and washouts that killed 12 people.
1907 – In Montreal, Quebec, this date marks the opening of the Ouimetoscope, the world’s first luxury movie house.  Designed and built by Leo-Ernest Ouimet, it had 1,2000 seats and a liquor license.
1873 – The first RCMP detachment was formed.
1807 – Birth of Baron Lisgar, second Governor-General of Canada. He died on October 6, 1876.
1673 – All beggars were ordered to leave Quebec.

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