Pic of calendar for month of March

March 1

1632 – Champlain was appointed the first governor of Canada.
1815 – The troops of Lower Canada were disbanded.
1838 – Six hundred Lower Canada rebels under Dr Nelson surrendered to United States authority in Vermont.
1868 – Canada issued a three-cent stamp featuring a beaver.
1875 – The Hospital for Sick Children, with six beds and one nurse, opened in Toronto (Ontario).
1888 – A parcel post was established between Canada and the United States.
1898 – The first Inter-colonial Railway train arrived at Montreal.
1912 – Edward Blake, premier of Ontario from 1871 to 1872, died in Toronto (Ontario).
1932 – A modern sand-water purification plant opened on Lemieux Island in the Ottawa River.
1939 – Trans Canada Airlines, later Air Canada, inaugurated the transcontinental airmail service.
1953 – The United States removed an embargo on Canadian livestock imports.
1963 – The British Columbia government converted Victoria College to the University of Victoria and established the Simon Fraser University at Burnaby.
1971 – William G. Davis assumed office as premier of Ontario.


March 2

1804 – Four mutineers and three deserters were executed in Quebec City in what was described as a “revolting public spectacle.”
1831 – The Upper Canada Parliament passed an act legalizing marriages by Methodist ministers.
1916  – Ontario passed a Temperance Act. Nonetheless, Ontarians could still acquire alcohol from doctors offices and drugstores. In 1920 alone, Ontario doctors wrote more than 650,000 prescriptions for alcohol.
1932 – The Senate killed a bill legalizing sweepstakes.
1943 – Income tax was put on a pay-as-you-earn basis.
1947 – Ottawa hit by a snowfall of 48.3 cm., which remains the greatest one-day March total on record in Ontario.
1951 – The first Canadian casualty list from Korea was issued: six soldiers had been killed.
1963 – Donald McPherson of Stratford, already the holder of the men’s North American singles skating title, captured the world championship at Cortina, Italy, the first Canadian to win both crowns in the same year.
1965 – Lucien Rivard escaped from Bordeaux prison in Montreal.
1982 – On this day the Conservatives staged a walkout from the House of Commons to protest the Liberal government’s omnibus energy bill. They remained absent for two weeks, during which time the bells summoning MPs to vote rang continuously.


March 3

1722 – France divided Canada into “parishes.”
1838 – A committee comprising of General Donald McLeod, William Lyon Mackenzie, Dr Charles Duncombe, Dr Alexander Mackenzie and a number of other Canadian refugees met at Lockport to form the “Canadian Refugee Relief Association.” Dr A. Mackenzie became the president, and General Donald McLeod the general organizer. McLeod went on to form the Hunters Lodges soon thereafter.
1870 – Thomas Scott was condemned to death after his trial at Fort Garry.
1887 – The United States passed the Fisheries Retaliation Act against Canada.
1890 – Norman Bethune, physician and participant in the Spanish Civil War and the Chinese revolution, born at Gravenhurst.
1945 – Canadian and American troops linked in Germany as Nazis retreated along the Rhine.
1962 – The death of Cairine Wilson, the first female senator in Canada, was announced.
1967 – The federal government appointed a royal commission on the status of women.
1975 – A high-speed inter-city passenger train known as the LRC (Light, Rapid and Comfortable), developed jointly by three Canadian companies between 1968 and 1975, was tested by the C.N.R. On its Sarnia-Toronto run.


March 4

1791 – The Constitutional Act divided the country into Upper and Lower Canada. It was introduced to the British House of Commons by William Pitt.
1814 – British and American troops fought the Battle of Longwoods on Battle Hill at Wardsville (between London and Thamesville), Ontario.
1837 – Regiopolis College, founded by Roman Catholic Bishop Alexander Macdonell, was established at Hotel Dieu Hospital, Kingston, by an act of the legislature.
1865 – Confederation was defeated in the New Brunswick Legislature.
1871 – Sandford Fleming was appointed to survey the C.P.R. route from Fort William, Ontario to the Pacific coast.
1925 – Quebec rejected Newfoundland’s offer to sell Labrador for $30 million.
1971 – Prime Minister Trudeau, 51, married Margaret Sinclair, 22, of Vancouver, thus becoming the first Prime Minister since the confederation to wed during his term of office.
1982 – Madame Justice Bertha Wilson of the Ontario Court of Appeal became the first woman to sit on the Supreme Court of Canada.


March 5

1496 – King Henry VII authorized John Cabot and his sons to claim lands they discovered.
1648 – The Constitution of Canada was revised, with a council at Quebec to be the governing body: the Council of New France.
1764 – Governor Murray ordered citizens to declare holdings of French-Canadian money.
1830 – Work was completed on the subdivision into streets and town lots of Hiram Capron’s farm at “The Forks” of the Grand River – the future location (in 1831) of the village of Paris.
1838 – The town of Kingston, Ontario, was incorporated.
1844 – The seat of government moved from Kingston to Montreal.
1870 – Britain and Canada agreed to send a military expedition to Red River.
1874 – The first session of the Prince Edward Island Legislature after Confederation was held.
1957 – Guy Mollet, Premier of France, addressed a joint session of Parliament at Ottawa.
1967 – Georges P. Vanier, Canada’s nineteenth governor general, died at age seventy-nine.


March 6

1828 – Archdeacon John Strachan Deldefencea lengthy defence in the Executive Council of his Ecclesiastical Chart, a document that, in the eyes of many, seriously underestimated the strength of denominations other than the Church of England.
1837 – Lord Russell put ten resolutions about Canada before the British Parliament.
1884 – A free public library was established in Toronto.
1889 – Toronto Customs officers destroyed novels by Zola for being “obscene.”
1909 – At a meeting held in Hamilton near Gore Park, the Cooperative Union of Canada was founded, with Samuel Carter of Guelph as its first president.


March 7

1610 – Champlain sailed on his fourth voyage.
1657 – King Louis XIV prohibited the sale of liquor to Natives.
1842 – Queen’s University opened in Kingston, Ontario.
1867 – The New Brunswick Legislature rejected Confederation.
1875 – Captain Duncan McKellar, who, with sons, Peter and John, was an early arrival at Fort William on the banks of the Kaministiquia River in 1863, died at age sixty-eight.
1878 – The University of Montreal and the University of Western Ontario, London, were incorporated.
1913 – Author Pauline Johnson (Tekahionwake) died at the age of fifty-one.
1914 – George Ross, the former Liberal premier of Ontario, died in Toronto General Hospital.
1965 – Roman Catholic churches in Canada celebrated mass in English for the first time.


March 8

1765 – The House of Lords passed the Stamp Act, one of the aggravations that led to the American Revolutionary War.
1799 – David Thompson was exploring along the North Saskatchewan River.
1836 – The New Brunswick and Canada Railway received a charter to operate between St. Andrews, New Brunswick, and Quebec City, Quebec.
1837 – The Bank of British North America opened in Montreal.
1855 – The Niagara Suspension Bridge was opened.
1866 – John Wesley Dafoe, who came to be the leading Canadian journalist of his time, born in Combermere.
1867 – On March 8, 1867, the British North America Act was passed by the House of Commons in Britain, less than a month after it had been introduced in the House of Lords.
1868 – The first issue of O Jornal Portugues, a Portuguese newspaper, appeared in Hamilton.
1873 – The Northwest Territories Council prohibited the sale of liquor.
1896 – Charlotte Whitton, who became Ottawa’s first woman mayor in 1951, born in Renfrew.
1907 – The Supreme Court of Saskatchewan was established.
1915 – 10,000 people marched on Queen’s Park to present a monster petition – 825,572 signatures – demanding prohibition.
1922 – The first session of the Fourteenth Parliament opened with W. L. Mackenzie King as Prime Minister. The legislation included the establishment of the Department of National Defence.
1937 – Howarth (Howie) Morenz, one of the greatest players the game of hockey has known, died in Montreal (Quebec) at thirty-five.


March 9

1812 – The letters of British spy John Henry were read to Congress; these triggered the War of 1812.
1815 – The Treaty of Ghent, signed December 24, 1814, was proclaimed at Quebec.
1855 – The first locomotive crossed the Suspension Bridge at Niagara Falls.
1870 – The British Columbia Legislature passed a resolution to send a delegation to Ottawa to negotiate for Confederation.
1907 – A news dealer at Hamilton, Ontario, was fined $30 for selling American newspapers on a Sunday.


March 10

1816 – Jean-Baptiste Lajimonière, father of the first white child born in western Canada, travelled 2,896 km (1,800 miles) in winter from Red River to Montreal to bring Lord Selkirk news of the colony.
1861 – Author Pauline Johnson was born at Chiefswood on the Six Nations Grand River Reserve, the daughter of Chief Henry Martin and Emily Howells (of Bristol, England).
1865 – The Parliament of Canada asked Britain to unite the North American colonies.
1871 – The first Legislative Council of Manitoba opened.
1910 – Prince Rupert, British Columbia, was incorporated.
1915 – Canadian troops were in action in the battle of Neuve Chapelle.
1927 – A bill was introduced in the Ontario legislature establishing the Liquor Control Board of Ontario.
1981 – U.S. President Ronald Reagan addressed the Canadian Parliament.


March 11

1835 – The first formal police force in Canada was established in Toronto under the direction of High Constable George Kingsmill.
1848 – The second Baldwin-Lafontaine ministry took office.
1855 – Joseph Howe was in Georgetown, Virginia, on a “cloak and dagger” mission to recruit Americans for the British army in the Crimean War.
1885 – Inspector Crozier of the Northwest Mounted Police gave warning that rebellion was imminent in what is now Saskatchewan.
1935 – The Bank of Canada began operation in Ottawa.
1939 – The military funeral of Sir Henry Mill Pellatt occurred on a raw afternoon in Toronto, one of the most impressive funerals ever witnessed in the city.


March 12

1613 – Colonists were sent from France by the Marchioness de Guercheville.
1672 – Father Dollier de Casson laid out Montreal’s main street, Notre Dame.
1857 – Gold miners were reported to be flocking to British Columbia.
1857 – Late in the afternoon, the regular Great Western passenger train from Toronto crashed through the bridge spanning the Desjardins Canal on Burlington Heights near Hamilton and buried itself in the water twelve metres below – fifty-nine were killed and eighteen injured.
1868 – The first session of the Second Parliament opened; measures included the organization of the Civil Service.
1883 – Dr William Canniff was appointed Toronto’s first permanent medical officer of health.
1883 – Duke of Abercorn landed the first steel at Port Moody, British Columbia, for the building of the Pacific section of the C.P.R.
1903 – The third session of the ninth Parliament opened; measures included authority for the Grand Trunk Railway to build a transcontinental line and a $500-a-head tax was put on the Chinese.
1926 – Coal miners accepted wage contracts recommended by a Royal Commission (a reduction of 10%).
1930 – Colonel William George “Billy” Barker was killed in a crash at Rockliffe airport in Ottawa. During World War I, he had brought down over fifty German planes.
1972 – A sixteen-member of Ontario trade delegation led by Revenue Minister Allan Grossman began a six-day trip to China.
1987 – Brian Orser of Penetanguishene won the world men’s figure skating championship at Cincinnati.


March 13

1521 – The King of Portugal granted islands in the St. Lawrence to Joam Alvarez Fagundez.
1812 – David Thompson left on his last journey from Saleesh House to Fort William and Montreal, where he arrived on August 24.
1859 – John Brown, made famous in song, brought fugitive slaves to Windsor, Ontario, by “underground railway.”
1885 – The British Columbia government refused to allow Chinese to land.
1900 – J. W. Tyrrell began a 2,782 km (1,729-mile) survey from Great Slave Lake to Chesterfield Inlet.
1909 – Lord Strathcona established a fund to provide military training in schools.
1916 – Manitoba was the first province to vote for prohibition.
1928 – Eileen Vollick, of Hamilton, Ontario was the first Canadian woman to obtain a pilot’s license. She was the first woman flyer to take off and land a plane on skis.
1961 – Major-General Jean Victor Allard became the first Canadian to command a British Army Division.


March 14

1682 – La Salle claimed north Arkansas for France.
1782 – Sir John Johnson became superintendent-general of Indian Affairs in British North America.
1843 – James Douglas, Chief Factor of the Hudson’s Bay Company, founded Fort Victoria, on Vancouver Island, when he landed at Clover Point with fifteen men to build a base for the Hudson’s Bay Company.
1860 – Thomas “Carbide” Wilson, who developed a steam generator to light the first arc lamp in Hamilton, and later invented electrical generators and incandescent lamps, born in Princeton.
1864 – Sir Étienne-Paschal Taché and John A. Macdonald formed a government in Ottawa.
1879 – National Policy came into effect with “Tilley’s tariff.”
1907 – Technical schools were established at Montreal and Quebec.
1916 – Women were granted the right to vote in Saskatchewan.
1925 – The first transatlantic radio broadcast was made.
1963 – Massey College for graduate students was established at Toronto.


March 15

1603 – Champlain sailed on his first voyage to Canada.
1650 – The Iroquois defeated the powerful Neutral Indians.
1691 – Abenakis de la Jonquière was made Governor of Acadia and Louisiana.
1827 – King’s College, Toronto, was given a Royal Charter.
1827 – Shades Mills, Ontario, became Galt. On January 1, 1973, the City of Galt ceased to exist as a separate political entity and became part of the new City of Cambridge.
1894 – Nova Scotia voted for prohibition.
1918 – “Punch” Imlach, who coached the Toronto Maple Leafs to four Stanley Cups, born in Toronto.
1928 – Canada signed a trade treaty with Czechoslovakia.
1952 – Edwin Alonzo Boyd, Canada’s most colourful and wanted criminal, who had escaped from Toronto’s Don Jail, was recaptured in a dawn raid by sixty heavily armed police officers.


March 16

1605 – Champlain, after a hard winter on Dochet Island, St. Croix River, set out to look for a better location for his settlement.
1846 – The Earl of Cathcart was appointed Governor-General of Canada.
1856 – A railway was incorporated to operate between Saint John and Shediac, New Brunswick.
1861 – Parliament met at Quebec.
1900 – The Strathcona Horse sailed for the South African War. The regiment was raised and equipped by Lord Strathcona.
1902 – Governor General Lord Minto donated a trophy in honour of the national lacrosse championships.
1962 – Donald Jackson of Ottawa won the men’s singles event at the World Figure Skating Championship in Prague, Czechoslovakia.
1983 – Opening of the $250 million Rideau Centre in Ottawa.


March 17

1649 – Father Gabriel Lalement was tortured by the Iroquois at Sainte-Marie ds Hurons throughout the night and died in the early morning hours.
1765 – St. Patrick’s Day was celebrated for the first time in Canada at Quebec City.
1776 – British forces left Boston for Halifax after General Washington seized Dorchester Heights in a night attack.
1800 – Philemon Wright arrived at the site of Hull, Quebec, across the river from Ottawa.
1810 – The first issue of the Kingston, Ontario, News was published.
1829 – In Bytown, 200 Irish labourers celebrated St Patrick’s Day by parading. Fighting erupted; one man was killed and many seriously injured.
1858 – The citizens of Toronto gathered for a parade to celebrate St Patrick’s Day; a wild brawl erupted and one Matthew Sheady was fatally stabbed.
1866 – The United States terminated a reciprocal trade agreement with Canada. This had a bearing on swinging opinion in New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in favour of Confederation.
1885 – The Métis formed a provisional government with Riel as President, as they had done at Red River in 1870.
1907 – A Royal Commission was appointed to investigate the Civil Service.
1955 – The suspension of Maurice Richard from hockey caused a riot in Montreal.
1959 – The death of Dr Sidney Smith, Minister of External Affairs, was announced.


March 18

1801 – Birth of Elinkim Malcolm in Oakland Township. A surveyor, he laid out the village of Scotland, which was to be the gathering place of Charles Duncombe’s armed supporters during the 1837 rebellion.
1836 – The Hudson’s Bay Company steamer Beaver, the first on the Pacific coast, arrived at Fort Vancouver, near present Portland, Oregon.
1886 – The first stone of the Lachine Bridge over the St. Lawrence was laid by the C.P.R.
1892 – Ex-governor general Lord Stanley proposed the idea of a trophy in honour of the best team in Canadian hockey. Today, the Stanley Cup is the oldest trophy that can be won by a team of professional athletes in North America.
1907 – Canadian Pacific and Grand Trunk Railways were ordered to reduce fares to three cents a mile.
1957 – Canada took part in a Disarmament Conference in London with Britain, the United States, Russia, and France.
1969 – In Toronto, the Canadian Radio and Television Commission opened a hearing on the controversial CBC program “Air of Death,” which dealt with the subject of air pollution. In its report, the CRTC was to conclude that the program, contrary to the charges levied against it, had not distorted the facts.
1976 – Dr John Deutsch, principal of Queen’s University, internationally known economist, educator and government advisor, died in Kingston.


March 19

1687 – La Salle was murdered by one of his own men while trying to reach the Mississippi River from the Gulf of Mexico.
1825 – The Hudson’s Bay Company established Fort Vancouver on the Columbia River, near the present Portland, Oregon.
1867 – The British Columbia Legislative Council approved an act enabling the province to enter Confederation.
1914 – The Royal Ontario Museum was officially opened.
1922 – Stefansson claimed Wrangel Island for Britain.


March 20

1831 – The King of Netherlands’ boundary award for New Brunswick-Maine was rejected by the United States.
1846 – Parliament met at Montreal.
1851 – Engineered by Captain Edward W. Serell, the Queenston-Lewiston Suspension Bridge was formally opened. Stone towers at either end supported the 318-metre span of the roadway.
1862 – Parliament met at Quebec.
1910 – Finance Minister Fielding met President Taft secretly at Albany, New York, and drew up plans for the reciprocity treaty that became the issue of the general election in 1911.
1917 – Prime Minister Sir Robert Borden attended a British War Conference until May 2.
1930 – The federal government transferred natural resources to Saskatchewan.
1944 – General Henry D.G. Crerar was appointed Commander-in-Chief of the First Canadian Army.
1948 – Brilliant play-maker, immensely skilled defenceman and marksman, Bobby Orr, who played with the Boston Bruins and the Chicago Black Hawks from 1967 to 1977, was born in Parry Sound.


March 21

1629 – Champlain was appointed Richelieu’s lieutenant in Canada.
1663 – An ordinance was issued stating that all lands not cleared in three months must be returned to the Crown.
1821 – A medical school was incorporated at Montreal. The school later became part of McGill University.
1864 – The Sandfield Macdonald-Sicotte government was replaced by the Taché-John A. Macdonald government.
1896 – A commission was appointed to try to settle the Manitoba separate schools problem.
1896 – On these first days of spring the snowfall was heavy enough to stall trains all over Ontario. One train, trapped near Highfield for two days, was finally shovelled out by the combined efforts of 400 men.
1911 – The Duke of Connaught was made Governor-General of Canada.
1918 – Germany began an offensive that came near to victory in World War I.
1955 – Fire destroyed fifty-five buildings at Nicolet, Quebec.


March 22

1700 – Bienville Le Moyne explored the Red River.
1723 – The Reverend George Henry, a Presbyterian, began preaching in Quebec in a room provided by the Jesuit College.
1764 – The first book was printed in Canada; it was a French catechism.
1765 – The Stamp Act received Royal Assent.
1849 – Baldwin, Mackenzie, and Blake were burned in effigy in Toronto.
1884 – Birth at Port Arthur (Thunder Bay) of Elizabeth Lawrie Smellie, who, after serving as a nurse in World War I, became chief superintendent of the Victorian Order of Nurses in Canada and a colonel in the Canadian army in World War II – the first woman in the Canadian armed forces to achieve this rank.
1885 – Troops were mobilized all over Canada because of the northwest rebellion.
1894 – The first Stanley Cup game was played.
1914 – Stefansson embarked on an expedition to Cape Kellet.
1923 – Foster Hewitt, “the voice of hockey,” announced his first play-by-play hockey game on the radio – a game between the Parkdale Canoe Club and the Kitchener Greenshirts. Hewitt was to cover sports events longer than any other broadcaster in Canadian history.
1928 – Eileen Vollick of Hamilton became the first Canadian woman to obtain a pilot’s license.
1973 – Polysar Ltd was established to produce and sell from Sarnia synthetic rubber, latex, resins and chemicals.


March 23

1633 – Champlain left France for the last time.
1665 – Jean Talon was commissioned as Intendant of New France.
1752 – The Halifax Gazette, the first newspaper in Canada, was published.
1764 – Captain Holland was commissioned to survey the Island of St. John (Prince Edward Island).
1832 – A political riot broke out at York (Toronto).
1865 – The Imperial Parliament voted £50,000 (pounds) for the defence of Canada owing to tension over the Alabama incident.
1883 – The Ontario legislature instituted manhood suffrage.
1893 – The Bering Sea tribunal met in Paris.
1910 – Dome Mines Company of Porcupine, producer of gold ore valued at more than $500 million, was incorporated.
1949 – Royal assent was given to the North America Bill passed by the British Parliament for the union of Canada and Newfoundland.


March 24

1670 – Silver and copper coins were minted for use in Canada.
1694 – Jean Talon, former Intendant, died in France.
1761 – The first Lutheran Church in Canada was established at Halifax.
1786 – An Imperial order prohibited imports from the United States.
1803 – Egerton Ryerson, the famous educator in Upper Canada, was born.
1865 – Macdonald, Cartier, Brown, and Galt went to Britain to discuss the possibility of Confederation.
1874 – The Industrial Schools Act was passed to provide homes and trades for orphaned, abandoned or otherwise destitute children under the age of fourteen.
1878 – Letellier de St. Just, Lieutenant Governor of Quebec, dismissed the cabinet.
1890 – Agnes Campbell Macphail, the first woman to be elected to the House of Commons, born in Proton Township, Grey County.
1955 – C.D. Howe, federal minister of trade and commerce, announced that Canada would build its first prototype nuclear-power station at Rolphton, with Ontario Hydro providing specifications for the conventional part of the plant.


March 25

1820 – The Bank of New Brunswick was incorporated. It was the first bank in the colony.
1839 – The Aroostook agreement ended the “war of pork and beans.”
1853 – The first issue of the Provincial Freeman, founded in Windsor by Samuel Ringgold Ward and Mary Ann Shadd, appeared. The paper claimed to represent the 40,000 Blacks recently arrived in Upper Canada from the United States.
1886 – The first Workmen’s Compensation Act was passed by the Ontario Legislature.
1893 – Magistrate Baxter of Toronto fined cab driver $2 or ten days in jail for driving a woman on Sunday.
1897 – The Manitoba Legislature passed a compromise act on the separate schools’ question.
1957 – Prime Minister St. Laurent held a conference with British Prime Minister Macmillan in Bermuda.
1958 – The maiden flight of the Canadian-built CF-105 took place. It was supposed to be the most advanced fighter aircraft of its time.
1964 – Brock University, located on the Niagara Escarpment in St Catharines, was chartered by the Ontario legislature.


March 26

1616 – Bylot and Baffin sailed on their Arctic expedition.
1789 – Pictou Academy was established by Nova Scotia statute.
1816 – Reuben Sherwood, head surveyor, completed blazing a trail from Perth’s “Depot” to a point now known as Port Elmsley.
1821 – The Hudson’s Bay Company and the Northwest Company amalgamated.
1831 – The Royal William was built at Quebec and launched April 27. It was claimed to be the first steamer to cross the Atlantic entirely under steam power.
1885 – The Métis, led by Riel and Dumont, clashed with Northwest Mounted Police at Duck Lake. Twelve police were killed.
1932 – The Ontario legislature passed an act announcing that: “The flower known botanically as the Trillium Grandiflorum, and popularly known as the white trillium, shall be adopted as and deemed to be the floral emblem of the Province of Ontario.”
1959 – In response to a petition from a group of educators and engineers headed by Air Mashal W.A. Curtis, the provincial government incorporated York University.
1961 – A snowstorm created a state of emergency in Prince Edward Island.
1987 – Sheila Copps, MP for Hamilton East, became the first member of parliament to give birth.


March 27

1647 – The first political constitution was drawn up for Canada.
1834 – Expelled from the House of Assembly a month earlier, William Lyon Mackenzie found himself once again in a seat of power as Toronto’s newly elected and first mayor.
1834 – York became the City of Toronto.
1848 – Fredericton, New Brunswick, was incorporated as the “celestial city.”
1913 – Le Droit published its first issue as Ottawa’s French-language evening newspaper.
1950 – The federal government transferred water rights on the Niagara River to Ontario.
1951 – Canada and the United States ratified an agreement for civil defence along the border.
1953 – Canada presented the United Nations with main doors for its new building.
1955 – His Excellency Mario Scelba, Prime Minister of Italy, visited Ottawa.


March 28

1636 – François Marguerite de La Haye, interpreter, considered “the double man” by the Natives because he had adapted so well to their customs, arrived in the Huron country after wintering on Allumette Island.
1684 – Tonty repulsed the Natives after a siege of six days at Fort St. Louis, Illinois.
1843 – John A. Macdonald was elected as an alderman in Kingston.
1851 – New Brunswick passed legislation to co-operate in the building of the European and North American Railroad.
1864 – On March 28, 1864, Nova Scotia became the first maritime colony to authorize a delegation to go to Charlottetown in September to discuss maritime union with representatives of the other Atlantic colonies. New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island decided to send delegations soon after.
1918 – Conscription riots broke out in Quebec.
1922 – Toronto’s first radio station, CFCA, operated by the Daily Star, broadcast its initial program.
1951 – Destined to be a premier ballerina with the National Ballet, Karen Kain was born in Hamilton.
1960 – The Ontario Legislature announced a plan to build a bilingual university at Sudbury; it is now Laurentian University.


March 29

1632 – France recovered Canada from England through the Treaty of St. Germain-en-Laye.
1778 – Captain Cook landed at Nootka Sound, British Columbia.
1808 – The Williamstown fair – Ontario’s oldest continually operated agricultural fair – received its patent from Lieutenant Governor Francis Gore. Sir John Johnson, the founder of Williamstown, donated twelve acres of his land for the site.
1848 – The Niagara River went dry because of an ice jam at Lake Erie.
1867 – The Confederation bill received Royal Assent.
1906 – A riot of street railway employees broke out at Winnipeg.
1912 – A trade conference with representatives of the West Indies was held at Ottawa.
1927 – Government control replaced prohibition in Ontario.


March 30

1809 – The Labrador Act gave Labrador to Newfoundland. This was later disputed by Quebec and a final decision was not made until 1927.
1814 – American General Wilkinson was forced to retreat at La Colle, Quebec. It was the last attempt by Americans to invade Canada during the War of 1812.
1832 – The Bank of Nova Scotia was incorporated. It was the first in the province.
1838 – Lord Durham was made Governor of British North America, except Newfoundland.
1874 – Louis Riel arrived at Ottawa as a Member of Parliament but was not allowed to take his seat.
1885 – The Ontario Legislature, under the leadership of Premier Oliver Mowat, passed the Niagara Falls Act, which authorized “the preservation of the natural scenery above Niagara Falls.”
1885 – Two trains pulled out of Toronto carrying troops to western Canada, where the Riel Rebellion had broken out.
1901 – In the Delpit marriage case, it was ruled that marriages of Roman Catholics by Protestant clergy were valid.
1937 – The Toronto Stock Exchange opened in new premises at 234 Bay St. The event was heralded as a symbol of prosperity following years of depression.
1954 – The Toronto subway train system opened; it was the first in Canada.


March 31

1713 – The Treaty of Utrecht returned Nova Scotia to Britain. France retained Cape Breton and Island of St. John, now Prince Edward Island.
1821 – McGill University received a Royal Charter.
1827 – King’s College, later to become the University of Toronto, received its royal charter, the first granted to an institution of higher learning in what is now Ontario.
1831 – Quebec and Montreal were incorporated as cities.
1854 – A railway from Truro to Pictou, Nova Scotia, was opened.
1872 – The first issue of the Toronto Mail was published.
1885 – The federal government disallowed the British Columbia Chinese Immigration Act.
1890 – The Manitoba Legislature passed an act suppressing separate schools.
1931 – Fire destroyed the Ottawa City Hall, including the municipal archives, in Confederation Square.
1958 – The federal Conservatives under John Diefenbaker won an overwhelming election victory with 207 seats to only 49 Liberal ones.
1972 – In Toronto, the 162-year-old Georgian-style house of Chief Justice Sir William Campbell was moved by two trucks in tandem from Adelaide St to University St. At its new location, it became a public museum.

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