Sir Charles Tupper

Sir Charles Tupper
Time as Canada’s Prime Minister:
6th Prime Minister of Canada
From May 1, 1896 to July 8, 1896

Born :July 2, 1821 at Amherst, Nova Scotia
Died: October 30, 1915, age 94 in Bexleyheath, England
Resting place: St John’s Cemetery, Halifax, Nova Scotia

Political party: Conservative

Alma mater : University of Edinburgh
Profession: Physician
Religion: Baptist

He was educated at Horton Academy, at Wolfville, Nova Scotia. He  studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh Medical School, and graduated as MD in 1843.   He established a successful medical practice in Halifax, rising to become the city medical officer.  He continued to practice medicine periodically throughout his political career, including serving as the first president of the Canadian Medical Association).

Tupper was a Canadian father of Confederation.  As the Premier of Nova Scotia from 1864 to 1867, he led Nova Scotia into Confederation. He went on to serve as the sixth Prime Minister of Canada, sworn into office on May 1, 1896, seven days after parliament had been dissolved. He lost the June 23 election and resigned on July 8, 1896. His 69-day term as prime minister is currently the shortest in Canadian history.

Following the passage of the British North America Act in 1867, Tupper resigned as premier of Nova Scotia and began a career in federal politics.  He held multiple cabinet positions under Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald:
President of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada (1870–72),
Minister of Inland Revenue (1872–73),
Minister of Customs (1873–74),
Minister of Public Works (1878–79), and
Minister of Railways and Canals (1879–84).

In 1895, the government of Sir Mackenzie Bowell foundered over the Manitoba Schools Question.  As a result, several leading members of the Conservative Party of Canada demanded the return of Tupper to serve as prime minister. Tupper accepted this invitation and returned to Canada, becoming prime minister in May 1896. An election was called, just before he was sworn in as prime minister, which his party subsequently lost to Wilfrid Laurier and the Liberals.

Tupper served as Leader of the Opposition from July 1896 until 1900, at which point he returned to London, where he lived until his death in 1915.

On a personal note:
Married Frances Morse in 1846; she died in 1912
They had 7 children


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